Anemia is pided into a variety of iron deficiency anemia, lack of red blood cells, many people often treat anemia as an independent disease, often overlooked other symptoms of anemia and sometimes. More and more people are suffering from the symptoms of kidney failure caused by anemia, so most people think that uremia and the kidneys are also closely related. Does anemia necessarily cause uremia? Not necessarily, only five cases can trigger kidney failure under special conditions.
In general, anemia can occur in all stages of chronic renal failure. As some patients without a clear history of kidney disease, combined with urine tests that have never been done before, once found that their face often easy to mistaken for iron deficiency anemia. In fact, this is a kidney anemia, which is a common complication of chronic kidney failure.
About 90% of human erythropoietin is produced by the kidneys and plays a key regulatory role in the normal pision, development and maturation of erythrocytes.
However, the lack of erythropoietin is not the only cause of renal anemia and many other factors are also involved in the formation or cause of renal anemia such as shortened life span of red blood cells, iron deficiency, folic acid deficiency, malnutrition, acute and chronic inflammation, chronic blood loss, severe Hyperparathyroidism, aluminum poisoning and hypothyroidism and so on.
Renal anemia can cause a series of adverse consequences, affecting almost every organ system in the body. Cardiovascular, can cause heart enlargement, cardiac hypertrophy, increase cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, is an independent predictor of congestive heart failure and death; accelerate the progression of nephropathy and renal dysfunction; lead to cognitive dysfunction; menstrual disorders, decreased sexual function; decreased immune function; affects quality of life, increases mortality rate and increases hospitalization time.