For uremia patients, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are two good options for treatment. Peritoneal dialysis is now accepted by more and more patients, while peritoneal dialysis also has its disadvantages. So, how can peritoneal dialysis patients prevent edema?
Control the intake of salt: too much salt should cause water retention. The daily amount of salt should be <3 g, avoid high salt foods, such as pickles, soy sauce, avoid the use of high salt seasoning, can choose low sodium salt, cooking can add some flavoring, such as green pepper, pepper, pepper, pepper, onion, ginger, lemon, garlic, onion, increasing food taste.
Control the intake of water: try to eat high moisture, low nutritional value of food, such as soup, porridge, milk, soup is the best to the nutritional value of food instead of water, as far as possible to eating liquid medication; every day can be allowed to drink water with the cup is placed and fixed time drinking, and sip slowly swallow, not a finished drinking, which is conducive to the control of water and can accurately record the total daily amount of drinking water. In addition, the water temperature is appropriate to cool, avoid overheating, in order to achieve the purpose of thirst quenching, it is recommended to rinse with cold water, ice cubes (especially lemonade made of ice), but do not swallow. Brush your teeth regularly and put toothpaste and toothbrush in the refrigerator. It contains acid food and chewing gum. It keeps the mouth moist.
Do the intake and output record, especially snacks, soup, fruit, infusion volume and water consumption volume, including ultrafiltration volume, urine volume, vomiting and daily about 500 ~ 700mL insensible water loss, and keep the total daily intake amount of approximately equal.