Uremia is the killer of human health, in the clinic, patients with uremia mainly block the toxic metabolite excretion in the body,the performance is gathering more products of protein metabolism in the body, such as urea nitrogen, serum creatine and so on. Patients should have scientific, nutritive diet.
1、 Preventing diet of uremia should supply low protein, 20 grams of protein is proper to decrease the burden of kidney.The low protein diet should be supplied high quality protein food, such as eggs, milk, fish and so on. Patients can adopt oral administration or intravenous injection of essential amino acids.
2、The carbohydrate diet is full to prevent uremia to ensure to supply necessary heat. The staple food is various to increase the appetite of patients with uremia. Patients should eat vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin, they don’t need to limit fat that patients can accept.
3、Patients with uremia have obvious edema, patients should limit the intake of water and salt. After eating medicine of diuresis, the volume of urine is more, patients need to eat food with potassium. If the volume of urine is below 1000ml, they can eat food with low potassium. They should avoid eating animal pluck and brain rich in high phosphorus ti prevent to increase serum phosphate. They should limit strictly excitant food such as wine and hot pepper.