Uremia patients will accompany with hyperkalemia ,due to hyperkalemia cannot have an immediately treatment ,which will bring big damage to patient’s health .So patients with uremia should pay more attention to the prevention and treatment of hyperkalemia
1.Uremia patients due to the kidney has already damaged ,thus making the urine volume reduce ,urinary potassium excretion reduce ,making the multiply potassium ions accumulate in patient’s body .
2.uremic patients have a poor resistance ,which is easily combine with infection ,thus causing the body tissue catabolism increase and acidosis aggravate .Fever can promote body catabolism increase ,thus making the cell to extracellular potassium ions ,making the potassium ion in the blood increase .
3.Uremia patient excessive ingest high potassium food or drug ,such as eat more fruits especially orange or orange juice ;take Chinese herbal medicinal broth ,because Chinese herbal medicinal broth contain high potassium ion .
4.Uremic patients take the administration of drugs increased potassium ions in the blood ,such as store potassium diuretics 、angiotensin converting enzyme 、non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug
5.Commonly uremic patient combine with anemia ,and add upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage ,patients may be need to accept transfusion ,at this time ,if ingest inventory blood may lead to patients with potassium ,this is due to in inventory blood parts of the red blood cells have already dissolved ,potassium release in the red blood cells ,thus making the potassium ion content in the inventory blood rise ,when ingesting patient’s body will make patient’s serum potassium rise .
As long as diagnosed as uremia ,patients should realize the danger of the illness ,accept the effective treatment as soon as possible .