For patients with renal dialysis, that is, the choice of dialysis replacement therapy (peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis) in patients with end-stage renal disease (uremia), it is important to pay attention to dietary nutrition. Because the role of dialysis is to remove the body's metabolism of toxic substances, and in the process of removing toxins, will increase the consumption of nutrients in the body.
The concept of renal failure is more general, generally speaking, renal failure is pided into two kinds of chronic renal failure and acute kidney injury. For patients with renal failure, in particular, should pay attention to diet control, which helps to treat. The following is a diet note on renal dialysis.
1, pay attention to the quality of protein supplement. Renal dialysis, some of the body's protein will be lost with dialysis fluid, it should focus on the daily intake of high-quality protein. More intake of high-quality protein, such as eggs, milk, etc.; less intake of vegetable protein, such as soy products, etc..
2, pay attention to the balance of calcium in patients with renal failure dialysis patients to comply with the doctor's instructions to supplement the amount of calcium, so as not to cause calcium deficiency.
3, salt intake to moderate. Patients with renal failure every day drinking salt should be controlled at 3 grams (about a teaspoon), because the main component of salt is sodium chloride, excess sodium causes renal failure patients severe hypertension, edema and so on, will be a serious threat to life, so we must strictly control the intake of salt,
4, the right amount of vitamin B supplement. Vitamin B can promote metabolism, sugar, fat and other substances into the body of essential substances. The main source of vitamin B in rice bran, coarse grains, fruits and vegetables etc..
5, control the intake of potassium and phosphorus. Special physical renal failure patients, serum potassium is easy to rise, hyperkalemia can lead to severe arrhythmia, and even cardiac arrest phenomenon, so we must control the intake of high potassium foods, such as citrus, apples, grapes, bananas, letinous edodes are rich in potassium foods. Phosphorus is an important factor causing secondary hyperparathyroidism, calcium and phosphorus deposition changes, renal bone disease, so patients with renal failure should be careful to eat high phosphorus foods, such as nuts, seafood, etc..