7In recent years, the role of multiple risk factors of cardiovascular disease and heart, brain and kidney protection of target organs continuously thorough, many people know that hypertension can cause coronary heart disease and stroke. But it is not very familiar with the relationship between kidney disease. In fact, hypertension and kidney disease are often accompanied by. Uremia is a result of almost all renal fibrosis, resulting in loss of renal function. Data studies have shown that hypertension caused by renal failure in patients with accelerated growth. Therefore, if the blood pressure control is not good, it is likely to cause uremia.
How hypertension becomes uremia
The incidence of hypertensive renal damage was positively correlated with the severity and duration of hypertension. Other possible factors include smoking, alcoholism, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and hyperuricemia, which affect each other and further aggravate kidney damage. High blood pressure can not be effectively controlled for a long time will cause systemic atherosclerosis, resulting in heart, brain, kidney, fundus and other target organ damage. It is worth noting that the damage of hypertension on heart, brain more familiar, such as myocardial infarction, cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction, and it is the latent effects on the kidney, often unnoticed, is a gradual process, once the clinical symptoms such as proteinuria, hematuria, edema, often irreversible, serious person can develop kidney failure, can only rely on dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life, brings heavy economic burden to the family and society.
Hypertension and nephropathy, hypertension can be described as "inseparable" itself can lead to kidney damage. Mainly by the kidney glomerular composition, is actually a glomerular capillary network, if the long-term high blood pressure can cause damage to the capillary wall and hardening caused by renal ischemia, cause kidney function decline, so gradually, all can cause glomerular sclerosis, eventually renal insufficiency. When entering uremia, the patient needs dialysis or kidney transplantation for treatment.
How to prevent uremia in patients with hypertension
Kidney disease prevention and control of the first to strictly control blood pressure. At the same time, kidney disease itself can cause high blood pressure, the incidence of hypertension in patients with chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure caused by renal disease is renal hypertension. According to statistics, renal hypertension accounted for 5% of the total number of hypertension to 10%, is the first cause of secondary hypertension. Thus, hypertension and kidney disease is a reciprocal causation relationship, any aspect of control is not good, will cause a vicious spiral.
Hypertensive patients should regularly check urine or kidney function check, early detection of hypertension induced renal changes. Especially the first discovery of hypertension, must do a comprehensive inspection of clear renal lesions, suspected renal hypertension to urine, blood routine, renal function, blood lipids, blood coagulation indexes and kidneys, renal artery ultrasonography, but also for the CT or MRI blood vessel imaging and angiography when necessary, in order to early early treatment diagnosis and.
What are the early symptoms of uremia
Early uremia is not without any traces can be found, kidney disease patients should pay attention to several obvious signs of uremia, renal function indexes in time to the hospital for blood tests, you can confirm the diagnosis:
1 slight fatigue, lack of concentration;
2 gastrointestinal discomfort, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting;
3 night urine, urine, urine clear (color fades);
4 anemia, pale or brown;
5 whole body bone pain or backache;
6 irregular menstruation;
8 eyelid or lower extremity edema