Chronic kidney failure is a slow deterioration of kidney function based on chronic kidney disease. At present, the patients with chronic renal failure are using the combination of Chinese and western medicine and the treatment of dialysis. Our hospital has been using the therapy for many years to achieve satisfactory results. The nursing experience is as follows:
1. The modern nursing
Chinese traditional Chinese medicine thinks that the disease can directly affect its corresponding viscera, make the air machine reverse, the qi and blood disorders, cause the disease to occur or the disease aggravates. Patients with chronic renal failure tend to be very ill and have long illness, which makes patients prone to depression and pessimism. At this time, the patient should be actively encouraged, the patient should be treated correctly by the education patient, and encourage the patient to remain optimistic and positive. In this way, the positive and pleasant mind can enhance the ability of the body to resist disease, and act as the function of "good and evil".
2. The diet nursing
According to the "salty kidney damage," the principle of "light moisture penetration", chronic renal failure patients should be on a low salt diet, for severe hypertension, oedema patient should strictly control the intake of salt, salt free diet. Chronic renal failure patients can staple food with rice, noodles, limit protein intake, to alleviate the burden of the kidney, can choose high quality protein, give priority to with animal protein, such as milk, eggs, lean lean, fasting, beans, peanuts, and bean products such as contains plant sex protein kind of food. Line for dialysis can be appropriately increased protein intake, the patient with chronic renal failure patients the levels of blood urea nitrogen affect metabolism of vitamin, dietary supplement vitamin a, b and c should be paid attention to. In the absence of urine or urination, it is restricted to the use of foods such as pickled vegetables, mushrooms, bananas, potatoes and other foods high in potassium, so as not to cause hyperkalemia.
3. The medication guide
Chinese medicine is made from natural plants and has fewer side effects. Patients with chronic kidney failure should avoid the use of nephrotoxic drugs, such as gentamicin and cephalosporins, in the use of western medicine. Medicine at the same time, pay attention to taboos, chronic renal failure patients should diet when taking ginseng mend angry medicine, such as cold food, such as carrots, green beans, and so as not to reduce drug removing effect. At the same time, the patient should be instructed not to change the medicine, reduce the quantity, stop the drug prematurely, or stop the drug before taking the medicine, so as not to aggravate the condition.
4. Daily life guidance
Late chronic renal failure, will be the renal anemia patients, patients with god fatigue, lumbar debility, therefore should have gone to bed when the ward to ventilation regularly, make sure air is fresh and sunny. Bed rest is not open-ended. If the patient is edema, lower blood pressure, and anemia improves, the patient may be able to move appropriately. The amount of activity should be reduced to more than one, first bed and then under the bed. The Chinese traditional medicine thinks "kidney essence", the room strain kidney, deplete its essence. Therefore, the patient of chronic kidney failure should reduce the room in moderation, this is very important to raise the kidney, fight for an early recovery. See sex as a dangerous road is also not desirable, should according to condition, had better accept the doctor's advice, health should be paid attention to during sex at the same time, in case of progression of renal damage.
Strengthen basic care
Chinese traditional Chinese medicine thinks chronic kidney disease patient blood is born wind, carry heat to carry poison to cause the patient skin to appear dry, itch, reason should strengthen skin nurse, prevent infection. Can be used in Chinese medicine to fry soup, wait for the liquid temperature not hot skin to wash, every day or once. And instruct the patient to change underwear in underwear, choose to make cotton quality as good. And chronic renal failure patients with spleen and stomach, in the wet muddy resistance, so that patients have bad breath, thick greasy tongue coating or stay food reduction, symptoms of nausea and vomiting, so chronic renal failure patients of oral care is also very important, patients should be instructed after meal gargle, woke up, brush my teeth before sleep. Keep your urinates open, and make "turbidity out of your body". It also reduces the smell of urine in your mouth.