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kidney failure symptoms:early,last,acute renal failure&chronic renal failure

What are the early renal failure symptoms? Renal failure is a very serious disease, life if appear the diseases such as kidney failure, we need to be attention to in the correct treatment and care when sick disease....

kidney failure symptoms:early,last,acute renal failure&chronic renal failure

Aug 19, 2017 by Kidney Disease Expert


What are the symptoms of kidney failure?

Renal failure is a very serious disease, life if appear the diseases such as kidney failure, we need to be attention to in the correct treatment and care when sick disease, but a lot of people with kidney disease symptoms do not understand, when illness also cannot discover disease in time, so let's to talk about kidney failure have what performance?

Renal failure
 

  • physical discomfort

    The onset of the early renal failure, can make patients feel the body a little discomfort. This is mainly due to the continuous accumulation in the body toxins and waste, and may feel discomfort. And have nausea, vomiting, sleep at night is bad, no appetite, and skin itching feeling fatigue and other symptoms.
     

  • edema,

    Edema is one of the symptoms of kidney failure, there are some people who tend to appear this kind of symptom, will show the hand and foot and ankle swelling. Symptoms like and shortness of breath, swelling in the eyes around. So in patients with renal failure should be found in time, timely treatment.
     

  • anemia,

    The term anemia was in our lives is a very impressive, can lead to kidney damage. But because the body does not produce enough hormones needed to make red blood cells, and thus produce anaemia. Often feel cold and tired.


Symptoms of kidney failure symptoms in the body

  • Cardiovascular and pulmonary symptoms: hypertension, heart failure, is one of the most common cause of death), pericarditis, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death), uremia pneumonia, bronchitis, and pleurisy.

  • Blood system performance: anemia, bleeding tendency, and an abnormal white blood cells.

  • Itchy skin symptoms: for common symptoms.

  • Gastrointestinal symptoms: loss of appetite is the most common symptoms of chronic renal failure at the earliest.

  • Renal bone dystrophy.

  • Nerve, muscle system symptoms: fatigue, insomnia, inattention to one of the early symptoms of kidney failure.

  • Metabolic disorders: too low a temperature, sugar metabolic abnormalities, high uric acid hematic disease, abnormal lipid metabolism.
     

What are the early symptoms of kidney failure?

With the increasing of disease, besides our understanding of disease, also for us to recognize the early symptoms of disease are of great help to find disease, and diseases are early treatment can achieve better curative effect, failure is not exceptional also, so what are the effects of early renal failure, let's explain it in detail for you, hope to be of help.

Early symptoms of kidney failure

  • dropsy symptoms This is a relatively easy to find. Because kidneys can't eliminate excess water in the body and cause fluid retention in the body tissue clearance, early in the ankle and eyelid edema, only after the break away, when launched to persistent or systemic edema, has disease not light.

  • drowsiness, fatigue symptoms The first performance of early symptoms of kidney failure, but the most easy to be ignored, due to the reason of sleepiness, fatigue is too much. Especially those in business "to fight", most of the blame on work nervous and tired. If a little rest and symptoms better, are more likely to be ignored.

  • present symptoms of high blood pressure Due to the function of the kidney has a sodium, drainage, kidney function is damaged when the body will attack of sodium and water storage, in addition, the kidneys can secrete some material of elevated blood pressure. Therefore, early renal failure patients have different degree of high blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure and blood coagulation mechanism is poor is easy to cause the nose or bleeding gums, to provoke up the attention.

  • pale yellow symptoms Symptoms of kidney failure, this is due to anemia, because of the attacks and performance is very slow, and so are not too short for a period of time not show obvious "contrast", just as people meet in the morning and evening to find various slow change.


What are the last symptoms of kidney failure?

A lot of people are suffering from kidney failure, tend to be ignored, in fact, early symptoms are not obvious, so lead to patients cannot perceive, but the condition is more and more serious, is advanced, it is difficult to treat, so everyone must know related symptoms, the treatment, now we will detailed to introduce the late symptoms of kidney failure.

Late renal failure symptoms

Kidney failure are obvious symptoms?

  • The first is about renal failure symptoms, patients due to illness, disease will also be different, generally speaking, the digestive system have anorexia, nausea, vomiting, mouth with urine smell. Nervous system fatigue, headache, dizziness, the person that weigh lethargy, irritability, apathy, convulsions, coma, etc. Cardiovascular system have high blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy, myocarditis, pericarditis, visual impairment, retinal hemorrhage; Hematopoietic system had anemia, bleeding tendency.

  • The second kind of respiratory system have significant metabolic acidosis when breath, can sign with pleurisy. Itchy skin with pigmentation, water and electrolyte balance disorder. When the kidney damage to a certain degree, the patient's body will obviously change and disease symptoms. Kidney failure patient's condition will be different.

  • The third is to late cause renal failure is a variety of chronic kidney disease (CKD) development of renal pathology of the loss of some or all of the state. Acute and chronic renal failure can be pided into, the rapid progression of acute renal failure, usually due to insufficient kidney blood supply (such as trauma or burn), impaired kidney caused by some factors blocking or poison damage, cause of acute renal failure. The main reason for chronic kidney disease and chronic renal failure, along with the time and the disease, the function of the kidney gradually decline, causing the occurrence of kidney failure.


What are the acute renal failure symptoms?

The symptoms of acute renal failure is:

Acute renal failure in pathological renal tubular necrosis and repair two stages, the biggest characteristic of atn is renal function can return to normal, the process involves the recovery of damaged cells, the removal of the necrotic cell lumen tube type, cell regeneration, eventually make the integrity of renal tubular epithelial cells full recovery, acute renal failure according to clinical manifestations and course of common law, generally pided into oliguria stage, polyuria period and recovery of three phases:

  • The symptoms of acute renal failure oliguria stage

    Acute renal failure symptoms of oliguria stage 1: water sodium retention

    Oliguria period lasts 1-2 weeks, the elderly can be up to 4-6 weeks, the longer the duration, renal damage is heavier, less urine is more than 5 days, or no urine is more than 10 days, not bad prognosis. Oliguria stage system symptoms include: water sodium retention, water poisoning in children with systemic edema, hypertension, pulmonary edema and cerebral edema and heart failure, due to water retention can appear sometimes diluted hyponatremia.

    Acute renal failure symptoms of oliguria stage 2: electrolyte disorder

    Electrolyte disorder symptoms of common high potassium, magnesia, high phosphorus and low calcium and low in sodium and chloride concentration.

    Acute renal failure symptoms of oliguria stage 3: metabolic acidosis

    Metabolic acidosis is characterized by nausea, vomiting, fatigue, sleepiness, quick, deep breathing, loss of appetite, and even coma, blood pH value lower.

    Acute renal failure oliguria stage 4: the symptoms of uremia

    Because of renal excretion disorder four, make all sorts of toxic substances in the body accumulation can appear systemic poisoning symptoms of each system. Its severity and increased blood urea nitrogen and creatinine concentrations. :
    (1) the digestive system characterized by loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, severe cases appeared gastrointestinal bleeding, and gastrointestinal bleeding can increase nitrogen qualitative hematic disease.
    (2) the cardiovascular system: mainly caused by a water sodium retention, characterized by high blood pressure and heart failure, also can happen arrhythmia, pericarditis, etc.
    (3) the nervous system symptoms: sleepiness, unbend confusion, anxiety, convulsions, coma, and autonomic nerve dysfunction such as sweat, or dry skin, can show the consciousness, behavior, and memory dysfunction, feelings, emotions, etc.
    (4) the blood system: ARF is often accompanied by positive cells pigmentary boots, anemia, with deterioration of kidney were given department as reduce erythropoiesis, blood vessels, hemolysis, hemodilution and gastrointestinal bleeding caused by wait for a reason. Bleeding tendency, bleeding gums, nose bleeding, skin petechia and gastrointestinal bleeding) more caused by thrombocytopenia, platelet dysfunction and DIC. Early acute renal failure often increased total number of white blood cells, neutrophils ratio also increased.

  • More urine  period  common symptoms of acute renal failure
    When patients with ARF urine, anasarca, 24-hour urine output more than 250 ml/m2, which is diuretic, lasts 1-2 weeks (up to 1 month) elderly this period due to a large number of micturition, can appear dehydration, low sodium, and hypokalemia. Late early nitrogen qualitative hematic disease continues even aggravate, renal function recovery gradually.

  • Common symptoms of acute renal failure recovery period Diuresis, kidney were improved, the urine amount back to normal, the blood urea nitrogen and creatinine gradually returned to normal, and renal function of enrichment need months to return to normal, a few patients left part irreversible renal damage. This period can be characterized by weak children, angular, malnutrition, anemia, and a weakened immune system. Nutrition ATN mostly non oliguria caused by acute renal failure, the clinical manifestation is less urine light type of acute renal failure symptoms, fewer complications, lower mortality.


What are the last symptoms of chronic renal failure?

The symptoms of chronic renal failure:

Water metabolism disorder group

Patients with chronic renal failure due to woods nephron decreased, thus each nephron average discharge load will increase, cause solute diuresis. Combined with the concentration of the renal function and nocturia increased. If there is anorexia, vomiting, or acidosis make breathing rate increases, respiratory water loss increase, easy cause dehydration. Patients can appear thirsty, pharynx dry, lack of power, reduced the volume of urine. Renal function worse, concentration and dilution function further loss, urine specific gravity can be fixed by 1.010 ~ 1.020. Urine osmotic pressure in 280 mosm/(kg? H2o) similar to plasma, called isotonic urine. Late CRF fell dramatically, decreasing of urine, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, rapidly rising, polydipsia drink more, patients with severe water retention. So when rehydration improper or taken too much salt, even can cause water poisoning and acute left heart failure.

The electrolyte disorder group

  • the hyponatremia For the regulation of sodium function in patients with chronic renal failure. Due to decreased renal tubular sodium absorption function, together with other factors, such as secret diuretics, diarrhea, long-term eating salt-free diet, etc. Easy to produce hyponatremia. Due to the loss of sodium and water, the decrease of the blood volume. Loss of sodium lead to kidney bad quickly. So low sodium can often make an original appear relatively stable patients with uremia. Can patients often feel fatigue, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, muscle twitching, pulse fine and speed, serious shock can occur. On the other hand, such as excessive sodium intake, will retention in the body, causing edema, hypertension, serious heart failure can occur.

  • low calcium and high phosphorus Because the patient urine bowl discharge reduction, raise of phosphorus in the blood. Kidney recession reduce the formation of 1, 25 (oh) 2 d3 during combined with anorexia and other reasons, the intestinal absorption of calcium reduced, lower blood calcium. High blood phosphorus, low blood calcium on parathyroid hormone, can cause secondary hyperparathyroidism. Renal failure, high blood phosphorus to inhibit kidney or cell synthesis have active vitamin d - 1, 25 (oh) 2 d3 and calcium salt and barriers that cause, cause renal bone disease. Stage uremia patients have obvious hypocalcemia, tetany, but rarely happen because the ph fell when calcium combined with plasma proteins decreased, ca2 increase. Once the acidosis correction, tetany will appear.

  • the hypokalemia and hyperkalemia Because of anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, and the use of diuretics, can cause hypokalemia. Its clinical manifestations are: limb weakness, abdominal distension, arrhythmia and tendon reflex slow. When uremia patients complicated with infection, acidosis or long-term potassium diuretics, lose blood potassium more inventory, or severe oliguria are hyperkalemia. Its clinical manifestation is arrhythmia, even in cardiac arrest, and paresthesia limbs muscle weakness, hands and feet.

  • metabolic acidosis Acidosis is often the wind of the symptoms of patients with chronic renal failure. Due to the renal tubules to produce ammonia, shedding hydrogen ions and heavy's capacity to absorb bicarbonate is reduced, together with factors such as diarrhea, alkali loss, almost all of the patients with uremia have weight different metabolic acidosis. Mild metabolic acidosis generally have no obvious symptoms. When co2 - cp < 13 tendency, l will appear obvious symptoms, such as large and long deep breathing, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, headache, restlessness, serious coma can occur. Serious acidosis can lead to breathing not pivot and vascular central motor paralysis, is one of the most common cause of death in uremia.


What are the symptoms of man kidney failure?

The man symptoms of kidney failure, mainly as follows:

  • facial swelling. Is the expression of the common man kidney failure, generally starts, facial and then spread to the lower limbs. Sometimes the eyelids, swelling in the hands and feet will have feeling.

  • oliguria. Acute renal failure of oliguria and edema appeared at the same time, and dark urine, daily urine output can be less than 400 ml, inpidual patients even anuresis. About a third of the patients can appear blood in the urine, the naked eye can be found a thick dark brown color of urine, general sustainable for just a few days or even weeks. Radical renal failure have oliguria characteristics, at the same time accompanied by nausea, fatigue and early onset symptoms such as loss of appetite.

  • waist ache. What are the symptoms of kidney failure man? In men the early renal failure symptoms, often have no obvious waist ache, the waist pain less backache kidney failure and kidney stones of the renal pelvis, calyces renal failure of backache is on one side more, and kidney back pain is more severe and multidirectional thigh emission.

  • respiratory or skin infections. Patients with acute renal failure in 1 ~ 3 weeks before the disease often have respiratory or skin as signs of infection, such as acute pharyngitis, tonsillitis, gingival abscess, scarlet fever, chicken pox, measles, skin ulcer, etc. Most chronic renal failure with no history of acute renal failure or streptococcus infection, so the cause is difficult to determine.

  • high blood pressure. Renal failure in patients with or without hypertension, but if the development to uremia, is often associated with high blood pressure, and difficult to control, in general, prognosis of patients with high blood pressure, kidney failure is often worse than patients without hypertension.


What are the symptoms of woman kidney failure?

The woman symptoms of kidney failure, mainly as follows:

  • facial swelling. Is the expression of the common man kidney failure, generally starts, facial and then spread to the lower limbs. Sometimes the eyelids, swelling in the hands and feet will have feeling.

  • oliguria. Acute renal failure of oliguria and edema appeared at the same time, and dark urine, daily urine output can be less than 400 ml, inpidual patients even anuresis. About a third of the patients can appear blood in the urine, the naked eye can be found a thick dark brown color of urine, general sustainable for just a few days or even weeks. Radical renal failure have oliguria characteristics, at the same time accompanied by nausea, fatigue and early onset symptoms such as loss of appetite.

  • waist ache. What are the symptoms of kidney failure man? In men the early renal failure symptoms, often have no obvious waist ache, the waist pain less backache kidney failure and kidney stones of the renal pelvis, calyces renal failure of backache is on one side more, and kidney back pain is more severe and multidirectional thigh emission.

  • respiratory or skin infections. Patients with acute renal failure in 1 ~ 3 weeks before the disease often have respiratory or skin as signs of infection, such as acute pharyngitis, tonsillitis, gingival abscess, scarlet fever, chicken pox, measles, skin ulcer, etc. Most chronic renal failure with no history of acute renal failure or streptococcus infection, so the cause is difficult to determine.

  • high blood pressure. Renal failure in patients with or without hypertension, but if the development to uremia, is often associated with high blood pressure, and difficult to control, in general, prognosis of patients with high blood pressure, kidney failure is often worse than patients without hypertension.


What are the symptoms of children acute renal failure?

Infantile acute renal failure is caused by a variety of causes, due to the difference of age children can be a common cause.

The neonatal period found in perinatal hypoxia, sepsis, severe hemolysis or bleeding; Infants and young children period found in diarrhea, dehydration, infection, caused by congenital urinary tract malformation; Children are found in various types of nephritis, poisoning, and shock. Acute renal failure as one of the pediatric critical illness, the case fatality rate is high, but the medicine in recent years the increase of disease pathophysiology, understanding of acute renal failure and comprehensive treatment (including hemodialysis), case fatality rate also fell. The performance of the children with acute renal failure are the following:

Acute onset, before the kidney, the renal parenchyma and renal after the performance of the primary disease, such as attack quickly.

Anuria or oliguria, 24 hour urine < 250 MK 1 hour/M2 or urine < / M2 or 10 MK MK 0.5 / KG/H for less urine; 24 hours < 50 mk anuria. Some patients have no oliguria or urine volume increase.

Nitrogen qualitative hematic disease and acidosis: fatigue, mental indifference, lethargy, irritability, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, deep breathing, appear serious anemia, hiccups, oral ulcers, gastrointestinal ulcer or bleeding, convulsions, coma and uremic pericarditis, etc.

Increased blood pressure, school-age children > 18.6/12 KPA (140/90 MMHG), children of pre-school age > 16.0/10.7 KPA (120/80 MMHG), children have a headache, dizziness, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, and even convulsions, coma, and so on.

Pulmonary edema and heart failure: breathing difficulties, violet purple, heart rate, low cardiac enlargement, heart sounds dull, two thin wet lung rale, cerebral edema can be conscious disorder, coma, convulsions, etc.

Every parents after this article should go well to protect their children, to help them to prevent this disease, kidney failure and at the same time a child is at the center of a family is a must not be hurt, so I wish all the children can avoid kidney failure.


The old man what are symptoms of kidney failure

As the growth of the age, the kidney of the small arteries appear transparent samples and gradually hardening. When suffering from hypertension, chronic glomerular nephritis, diabetic nephropathy, obstructed kidney disease, chronic pyelonephritis, polycystic kidney, kidney cancer and prostate cancer, can increase the progress of the hardening of the arteries in renal tubular and glomerular sclerosis, and cause chronic renal insufficiency.

What are the characteristics for the elderly kidney failure? Chronic renal insufficiency is the prelude to chronic renal failure, may have a slight nitrogen qualitative hematic disease. Usually involves multiple urine and nocturia, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and symptoms such as mild anemia. The elderly kidney failure but if the body has an additional burden, such as a cold, fever, urinary tract obstruction or use the renal toxicity of drugs, etc., can rapidly symptoms of renal failure or uremia. Chronic renal insufficiency have disease slow, long course, but if the development to severe uremia, is often difficult to reverse. In the prevention of elderly kidney failure, protect renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease, prevent illness repeatedly, is very important to put off the appearance of uremia.

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