For kidney disease, each of us should do preventive work, renal atrophy disease incidence rate is increasing, we want to do a good job in the prevention of kidney atrophy, we must first understand what is the cause of renal atrophy, because only understand renal atrophy causes can do better on prevention.
Atrophy of the kidney usually results in atrophy of the left kidney, atrophy of the right kidney and atrophy of both kidneys. Generally speaking, the causes of renal atrophy are as follows: first of all, it is considered that renal atrophy should be considered as congenital renal hypoplasia, followed by end-stage renal disease, that is, renal failure, uremia or certain acute diseases. Such as: acute renal glomerular disease, diabetic nephrocirrhosis and renal transplant rejection, chronic glomerulonephritis, renal cortical necrosis, Alport syndrome, acute tubular necrosis, hypertensive nephrosclerosis.
Bilateral kidney or one side kidney shrinks, it is the pathogeny of chronic pyelonephritis more, this also is the common cause of kidney atrophy.
Both kidneys shrink, generally speaking, chronic kidney disease develops to renal insufficiency, especially kidney failure, uremia, blood creatinine and urea nitrogen rise, kidney damage is serious, kidney parenchyma is injured, kidney will shrink. Therefore, to remind patients suffering from renal atrophy must pay attention to this, kidney disease occult is very strong, if the glomerular filtration rate is less than 50%, that is, serious kidney damage, clinical symptoms corresponding to produce. After the diagnosis of renal atrophy, we must actively find the cause, in order to investigate the condition.
In addition, there are two causes of renal atrophy: renal tuberculosis (unilateral renal narrowing, hydronephrosis or compensatory enlargement of the contralateral kidney), renal artery stenosis, and congenital hypoplasia.