Renal insufficiency is some kidney function damaged seriously, such as excretion, metabolism and adjusting water、electrolyte、acid-base balance, cause to many system have disorder, can divided into acute renal insufficiency and chronic renal insufficiency. The patients with renal insufficiency have become more and more, and have widely onset of range, many diseases will also become renal insufficiency, so we should pay attention to health care.
1、Reasonable protein intake. The main resource of metabolism is protein from diet, so to relieve remaining kidney burden, protein intake must be fit of the excretion ability of kidney.
2、Salt intake should be according to the condition, if have high blood pressure、edema should adopt lower salt diet, everyday salt intake is 2g.
3、Have a good rest, the patients should ensure enough rest and well nutrient, don’t take the activities that you can’t do.
4、Pay attention to some changes: such as edema、high blood pressure、fever、weak、anorexia、anemia and so on, and observe the change of urine, if have some comfort like above, should take blood、urine analysis、uric fluid germiculture and count, determination of renal function, even though take kidney puncture biopsy and renal imaging examination to ensure the cause and pathological changes of kidney and the judgment of kidney function, for the treatment and prognosis of kidney to provide evidence.
5、Firstly, the patients with renal insufficiency should strengthen self health care, do physical exercise, increase disease resistance, timely treat infection of the upper respiratory tract、removal of infected, treat primary disease、diabetes、systemic lupus erythematosus、high blood pressure, and also prevent the kidney injury which is caused by medicine.