As everyone knows, kidney disease develops to a certain stage, the most common treatment is dialysis, dialysis treatment principle is through small molecules through the semipermeable membrane diffused into the water through a small molecule (or buffer) principle, a separation and purification technology to separate small molecules and biological macromolecules. Dialysis therapy refers to that body fluid components (or water discharge treatment method of solute) in vitro through a semipermeable membrane, generally can be pided into two kinds of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
So when dialysis occurs for a period of time, many patients get better and then the patient stops dialysis. What happens when the patient stops dialysis?
The first is dialysis disequilibrium syndrome, which experts say is 3.4%-20%. The main manifestations of side effects of hemodialysis are nausea, vomiting, irritability, etc., and severe convulsions, coma, or even death. It should not be treated; or treatment is immediately given hypertonic solution, such as mannitol, 50% glucose or 3% sodium chloride 10 ml, or albumin when necessary, sedative and other symptomatic treatment; more severe termination of dialysis. The second is the symptoms of patients with hypotension after dialysis, the incidence rate of up to 20%-40%, at the same time, many factors cause hypotension after dialysis, ultra filtration fast or not suited to acetate dialysate, can cause low blood pressure, improve the method is that patients can take Trendelenburg stop ultrafiltration, slow flow rate, oxygen inhalation, quickly add saline when necessary 100 - 200 ml or 20 ml of 50% glucose, albumin infusion, combined with the cause, due to treatment. The last is arrhythmia, and the incidence rate is as high as 50%, with ventricular premature beat was the most common method is to prevent, patients need for symptomatic treatment, at the same time pay attention to drug in vivo retention and toxicity in dialysis patients.
The most common side effects of dialysis are presented here. Dialysis patients understand the side effects of dialysis before dialysis and act as defensive measures to minimize the risk of dialysis.