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Types of surgery kidney tumor

kidney tumors are abnormal proliferation of transformed cells and abnormal development of body tissues. Tumors of the kidney occur in men are twice as likely than women. By its prevalence of renal neoplasms occupy about 3% of all tumors. Th...

Types of surgery kidney tumor

Jun 08, 2017 by Kidney Disease Expert

kidney tumors are abnormal proliferation of transformed cells and abnormal development of body tissues. Tumors of the kidney occur in men are twice as likely than women. By its prevalence of renal neoplasms occupy about 3% of all tumors.

The disease is characterized by certain symptoms:

pain in the lumbar region;

hematuria;

edema and hypertension;

varicocele on the affected side;

Also, in addition to the above symptoms, there is a general weakness, loss of appetite, weight loss. Patients complain of raising the temperature to 38-39 C, chills.

Treatment options

For typical renal tumors metastasis in the bone, spine and rib cage. This is due to the spread of the primary tumor cells throughout the body through the blood and lymph. When metastasis occurs buildup of toxic symptoms, body exhaustion occurs. Patients complain of increasing weakness, nausea. It occurs inhibition of the function of blood, so the growing anemia.

 

What are the operations

 

tumor of the kidney is a serious disease that requires drastic measures of treatment. Operation during kidney tumor can be sparing when the surgeon performs the resection, i.e., removing a portion, piece of the kidney with a tumor. However, most often spend nephrectomy, when the whole kidney is removed along with the adrenal gland, surrounding adipose tissue and regional lymph nodes.

Removing the kidney tumor may be performed in different ways. May be carried out abdominal surgery - nephrectomy, which is performed under general anesthesia. Postoperative recovery time can take 2-3 weeks. Patients are assigned antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, restorative therapy. Sutures are removed after 10 days.

It is also widely known method of laparoscopic tumor removal. This method is preferred, since the cuts are not made of the skin, blood loss is minimized. Also, do not traumatized surrounding tissue, as is the case with conventional surgery. Significantly reduced post-operative recovery period. Patients do not have scars due to the lack of joints. the period of rehabilitation in this case usually takes no more than 7 days.

There is also an innovative method of removing a kidney malignancy - modern robotic technology (the system of "Da Vinci"). Small incisions are performed (up to 10 mm). Removed tissue extracted by crushing them, or entirely, to thereby further incision on the peritoneum. Features 3D- visualization and interactive manipulation application, can achieve maximum efficiency and precision nephrectomy. The probability of occurrence of various complications is significantly minimized. Rehabilitation period lasts no more than three days.

Laparoscopy

Selection surgery to remove renal tumor depends on tumor size, degree of infestation body general condition, etc. If the tumor is too large, then perform the surgery. The laparoscopic method is like in those cases, when the tumor is small.

 

And what to do after surgery

 

It should be remembered that in itself is removal of the tumor is not the end of treatment. When it comes to malignant tumors, it is often after the operation patients receive chemotherapy, radiation. Often irradiation is assigned to that transaction. For typical renal tumors metastasis in the bone, spine and rib cage. This is due to the spread of the primary tumor cells throughout the body through the blood and lymph. When metastasis occurs buildup of toxic symptoms, body exhaustion occurs. Patients complain of increasing weakness, nausea. It occurs inhibition of the function of blood, so the growing anemia.An injection

 

What are the operations

 

tumor of the kidney is a serious disease that requires drastic measures of treatment. Operation during kidney tumor can be sparing when the surgeon performs the resection, i.e., removing a portion, piece of the kidney with a tumor. However, most often spend nephrectomy, when the whole kidney is removed along with the adrenal gland, surrounding adipose tissue and regional lymph nodes.

Removing the kidney tumor may be performed in different ways. May be carried out abdominal surgery - nephrectomy, which is performed under general anesthesia. Postoperative recovery time can take 2-3 weeks. Patients are assigned antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, restorative therapy. Sutures are removed after 10 days.

It is also widely known method of laparoscopic tumor removal. This method is preferred, since the cuts are not made of the skin, blood loss is minimized. Also, do not traumatized surrounding tissue, as is the case with conventional surgery. Significantly reduced post-operative recovery period. Patients do not have scars due to the lack of joints. the period of rehabilitation in this case usually takes no more than 7 days.

There is also an innovative method of removing a kidney malignancy - modern robotic technology (the system of "Da Vinci"). Small incisions are performed (up to 10 mm). Removed tissue extracted by crushing them, or entirely, to thereby further incision on the peritoneum. Features 3D- visualization and interactive manipulation application, can achieve maximum efficiency and precision nephrectomy. The probability of occurrence of various complications is significantly minimized. Rehabilitation period lasts no more than three days.

Selection surgery to remove renal tumor depends on tumor size, degree of infestation body general condition, etc. If the tumor is too large, then perform the surgery. The laparoscopic method is like in those cases, when the tumor is small.

 

And what to do after surgery

 

It should be remembered that in itself is removal of the tumor is not the end of treatment. When it comes to malignant tumors, it is often after the operation patients receive chemotherapy, radiation. Often irradiation is assigned to that transaction.An injection

Very important is the rehabilitation period after the removal of the kidney tumor. Doctors are trying to inpidually approach to the issue of rehabilitation therapy for each patient. In addition to restorative and reparative therapy may require symptomatic treatment. Oncology patients often need psychological assistance and support.

Particularly important to understand that the disease has a tendency to the appearance of relapses. It happens that after a successful operation, the passage of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, patients may re-appear the tumor even several years after the operation. The tumor may appear on the healthy kidney, and can affect a completely different body.

Therefore, mandatory after the removal of a kidney tumor, all patients should be especially attentive to their health! Successfully held nephrectomy in the past does not mean that the cause for the alarm has disappeared. On the contrary, these patients should not forget about the importance of regular checkups and their importance in maintaining the health of patients, since these patients are at risk.

 

Prevention - the key to successful treatment

 

It is often necessary to go and see a doctor, oncologist, visit other specialists. It is necessary to make routine ultrasound of the kidneys, abdomen, CT scan, X-ray examinations. It is also important to periodically general or clinical tests of urine and blood.

An important point is also a balanced diet, adherence to a strict diet, especially for those who have had surgery to remove a kidney. Agree on a diet need more detail with your doctor, but there are some general recommendations on diet after surgery to remove a kidney tumor. Thus patients are recommended:

Strict salt restriction.

To exclude acute, smoked, fried.

Limit the intake of fluids (up to 1 liter per day).

Eat steamed rather than boiled, food.

Exclude strong tea, coffee, soft drinks, chocolate, strong broths.

Observe a healthy lifestyle.

It must be remembered that after the nephrectomy, the remaining body performs "double duty", so you need to abide by the regime of work and rest, do not lift weights, see to it that the body get a rest enough. Categorically exclude smoking and drinking.

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