Congestive kidney - a syndrome that develops when blood flow failure and is characterized by hyperemia in the veins of the kidneys and degenerative disorders in epithelial tissue of the convoluted tubules of the kidneys. Clinically, this pathology is manifested by proteinuria.
How does the pathology
When the development of this pathology kidney becomes much heavier compared to its normal state. In this state there is a large number of morphological changes in the kidneys. The kidneys also become blue-red and covered with yellowish buds. In the kidney substance formed fatty degeneration, renal capsule is stretched and shows a clear pattern of veins, and the body surface becomes wrinkled and uneven.
Morphologic study of the affected organ are detected following congestive kidney symptoms: clear separation of the cortex and medulla of each other, an increase in renal glomeruli, expansion of renal vessels due to congestion, the presence of leukocytes and erythrocytes in the renal tubules, renal substance atrophies and accrues therein connecting the cloth.
The major manifestations of congestive kidney include urinary syndrome, oliguria, increase urine specific gravity and mild proteinuria. Also, when the amount of stagnant urine night dominates the daily volume of urine because of its overabundance. The causes of this syndrome are explained by the influence of the central nervous system. The patient, who suffers from this disease, urine changes occur and reduced urine output. Urine contains an admixture of red blood cells, and in the daytime with the urine output chlorides.
It is important!
Natural sign of stagnation in the kidney is proteinuria. In this case, urine specific gravity is reduced, and the rhythm of its release markedly impaired. Congestive kidney can cause other common symptoms, such as increased pressure indicators.
Carrying out diagnostic measures
As a rule, this is not complicated professional diagnosis of the disease. To start foreseeing the differential diagnosis with other diseases - glomerulonephritis, amyloidosis, etc.
Identify the functional state of the kidneys allows X-ray examination. When the diagnosis using laboratory testing of urine and blood, ultrasound, MRI and CT scans. Through the use of special optical device - a cystoscope - a doctor is able to examine the state of the ureters and the process of urination.
The most informative method of angiography refers survey. To implement it in the patient body previously introduced a small amount of a radioactive isotope, which allows you to leave a mark, and passes through a rays. So the attendance violations in the body.
The organization and carrying out of treatment of pathology
Long duration stagnation eventually worsen kidney function and kidney provokes renal failure. Stasis in the kidney causes serious complications such as the formation of stones, pyelonephritis, the spread of inflammation in the body, the secondary decrease in the size of the kidneys, increasing the pressure. In connection with the remark is necessary as soon as possible to start treatment.
To reduce pain and prevent the destruction of kidney infection is the treatment of painkillers and anti-infectives. It requires instrumental intervention or surgery to resume normal excretion of urine. Selection of the method of treatment relates to the reasons which caused the congestion.
It is important!
The main objective of treatment - is to eliminate the disease of the heart. Special drugs prescribed by a doctor, can restore blood flow to the kidneys, improving it and expanding the renal vessels.
Because of the increased separation is an increase in sodium urinary excretion. In such situations, the patient is assigned to a special diet with restriction of salt intake.
The best effect is produced soluble drugs with the content of sulfonamides and mercury. They accelerate the sodium removal from the body, as well as simultaneous decrease in urine specific gravity decreases swelling and reduced arterial pressure. Some patients with congestive kidneys and symptoms of heart failure is realized hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.
As a precaution, the stagnation in the kidney or after the elimination of the need to limit the intake of foods that affect the normal functioning of kidneys. Narrow diet doctor inpidually for each patient. Adequate nutrition helps to recover from illness faster and makes the treatment more effective.
Sports and frequent walks in the fresh air is also a beneficial effect on kidney function. It is recommended to give up addictions, such as alcohol consumption and smoking. Alcohol adversely affect the condition of the body as a whole and especially in the kidneys and liver.