The common clinical manifestations of acute nephritis include oliguria, edema, hematuria, proteinuria, kidney damage, anemia and some systemic symptoms.
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Acute nephritis is mostly caused by bacterial infection after acute onset, if the treatment is not appropriate, easy to develop into renal failure, uremia and other end-stage renal disease, the clinical manifestations of acute nephritis:
First, oliguria: most of the patients onset <500 ml / day. Can azotemia caused by oliguria, 2 weeks after the urine volume increases, the recovery of renal function. A very small number of patients (<5%) developed from oliguria to urine, indicating a severe renal parenchymal lesion.
Two, edema: often for the onset of early symptoms, the rate of about 70%~90%. The light of morning eyelid edema, serious when can extend to the whole body massage dentability is not obvious. Most of the patients 2~4 weeks to diuresis detumescence.
Three, hematuria: often the first symptom of onset, almost all patients have hematuria, of which the incidence of gross hematuria is about 40%. The urine color is uniform brown or muddy wash water meat, blood clots, a few days to 2 weeks.
Four, proteinuria: almost all patients with positive urinary protein, urinary protein is generally not serious, between 0.5~3.5 g / day, often for non selective proteinuria, only about less than 20% days >3.5/ urinary protein, and nephrotic syndrome.
Five, renal function damage: there is often a transient hypoxemia, serum creatinine and urea nitrogen increased slightly, after a few days of diuresis, nitrogen can return to normal. A small number of patients with severe illness, can occur acute renal failure.
Six, systemic manifestations: often fatigue, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, dizziness and lumbar pain.
Seven, laboratory examination: there is a transient anemia, anti chain "O" increased, ESR increased, complement reduction, high gamma globulin.
These are the common clinical symptoms of acute nephritis related to understanding and understanding of the common symptoms of acute nephritis for the prevention and treatment of acute nephritis is a very important role