There are many kinds of nephrotic syndrome, and the reasons are complicated. The causes of disease in different inpiduals are far from the same, while nephrotic syndrome is difficult to treat. Therefore, children with nephrotic syndrome need to make the correct diagnosis before they can help the follow-up treatment. There are many ways to diagnose nephrotic syndrome in children, and the examination is the fastest and most accurate way to assist the diagnosis.
Urine routine: urinary protein increased significantly, qualitative ≥ (+++), 24 hours urine protein quantitative ≥ 0.1g / kg. Urine sediment microscopy can be seen transparent tube and a small number of granular tube type. Nephritis children can also see red blood cells, and easy to see kidney epithelial cells and cell tube type. Reduced or disappearance of urinary protein is a sign of a better condition.
Plasma protein: plasma total protein was lower than normal, albumin decreased more significantly, often <25 to 30g/L, sometimes less than 10g/L, and albumin, globulin ratio inversion. In globulin, alpha 2, beta globulin and fibrinogen were increased, and gamma globulin decreased. Levels of IgG and IgA decrease, and IgE and IgM sometimes rise. ESR (Erythrocyte sedimentation rate) faster.
Serum cholesterol: more significantly increased, other lipids such as triglycerides, phospholipids can also be increased. As the lipid increased serum can be milky white.
The above is the relevant information collected by experts, presumably we have some understanding of the above common sense! Only the correct diagnosis, in order to better treatment. If you have other kidney problems you can browse other pages, you can also give us a message, Tongshantang Hospital of traditional Chinese medicine kidney disease experts will give you the most professional and most effective treatment or recommendations.