Pediatric nephrotic syndrome is a group of clinical syndrome caused by a variety of reasons, characterized by significant swelling of the body, a large number of proteinuria, hypoproteinemia and hypercholesterolemia. The incidence of the disease is more common in children aged 3~6 years, and more boys than girls, easy to relapse and delay, long course of disease. The cause of nephrotic syndrome in children is not clear, and the following diseases can lead to nephrotic syndrome in children:
Primary nephropathy: related to the function of immune dysfunction. Simple nephropathy for the common type, 2 to 7 years old more common. In addition to kidney disease symptoms, not accompanied by microscopic examination of hematuria or high blood pressure, renal biopsy more than 90% of minor lesions. Nephritis nephropathy is more common for children over 7 years of age. In addition to kidney disease symptoms, accompanied by microscopic examination of hematuria, or high blood pressure, renal biopsy in addition to minor lesions, there are proliferative variants, membranous proliferative, sclerotic.
Secondary nephropathy: secondary to malaria, mosquito bites, lupus erythematosus, allergic purpura, metal or drug poisoning, etc..
Congenital nephrosis: less common, arising in infancy.
Pediatric nephrotic syndrome is a persistent refractory disease, easy to relapse, while the longer duration, parents must actively for children to find scientific and rational treatment, avoid using only hormone therapy. At the same time parents must eat and live, should not let the children too much outdoor play, can not let the child too tired.
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