Know the nephrotic syndrome is a kind of harm big disease, brought no small harm to the patients, to avoid the disease harm, to correctly grasp the nephrotic syndrome because the disease causes of infection, symptomatic treatment can achieve good effect.
The causes of nephrotic syndrome infection:
Infection: pneumonia, pneumococcal pneumonia and peritonitis or septicemia were the main manifestations. Due to protein malnutrition, low levels of IgG, low levels of complement and protein components, decreased leukocyte function, low transferrin and low zinc levels, all can lead to decreased immune function.
Shock and acute renal failure: large amounts of protein are excreted with urine, and plasma albumin decreases, resulting in a decrease in plasma colloid osmotic pressure, an effective decrease in circulating blood volume, and a decrease in glomerular filtration rate.
Thrombosis: the activity of antithrombotic factors and serotonin decreased, platelet aggregation increased, blood viscosity increased, plasmin decreased. In addition, the blood concentration is caused by low protein and hyperlipidemia. The blood and bamboo wall damage caused by atherosclerosis leads to hypercoagulability of the blood, frequent thrombosis of the renal vein, embolism of the pulmonary artery or vein, and thrombophlebitis of the peripheral vein.
Malnutrition: protein lost in the urine often results in protein malnutrition, causing muscular atrophy and stunting children's growth and development. In addition, many trace elements associated with proteins, such as zinc and copper, have also been lost in large quantities, resulting in zinc deficiency and copper deficiency. May appear immunity, wound healing slow and anemia and other symptoms. Can also appear vitamin N deficiency, calcium and phosphorus metabolism disorders, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and many other aspects of malnutrition performance.