Nephrotic syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterized by large amounts of proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia and edema, and most of these patients are children. Care should be taken during the treatment of the entire hormone. Numerous clinical experience has confirmed that the following three aspects of the work can significantly reduce side effects and complications, and can protect the hormone therapy is not interrupted, so as to achieve the purpose of improving the cure rate and reduce the recurrence rate.
Prevention of respiratory infections: upper respiratory tract infection is a common disease, but also forcing the treatment of hormone disruption and the main cause of recurrence of kidney disease, so the prevention of upper respiratory tract infection should be placed in an important position. Strengthen the prevention of the focus is that change the clothes in time with the change of the weather; to take as little as possible or without the patient to the crowded place; to prevent heat stroke, cold and cross infection; keep the indoor air fresh, circulation, to maintain the appropriate temperature and humidity.
Prevent skin and mouth infections: because of the use of hormones can make the body resistance and immunity decline, and thus skin damage or oral cavity unclean, patients prone to infection. In this regard, first should pay attention to allow patients to bathe, wash their hands and feet, to keep the skin clean; second is patients in the bath should not be too hard, to prevent skin abrasions, and prevent the knife, scissors and other sharp instruments to skin damage; three is to pay attention to oral hygiene, do mouthwash (including meals and medication with warm boiling water gargle) and daily brushing 2 to 3 times; the four is frequently check oral, once found oral inflammation or ulcer, should promptly use boric acid or compound borax solution mouthwash, and available smecta and Yunnan Baiyao coated oral ulcer, to promote ulcer healing as soon as possible. If the family or family lack experience, or do not have the above drugs, should go to the hospital department of Stomatology promptly.
To prevent excessive fatigue: For patients with stable kidney disease, they should be encouraged to go out for more activities, because it is beneficial to prevent the side effects of high blood coagulation and osteoporosis. However, it should be noted that activities must not be excessive, so as to avoid exacerbations caused by exacerbations. Many experts argue that the patient's nighttime sleep must be guaranteed, no less than 8 hours a day (children should be kept 8 to 10 hours), during the day to have a nap, the time is not less than 0.5 to 1 hour. If the patient is tired or tired after the event, should be bed rest in time to relieve fatigue. In addition, the average diet to do low salt, the amount of protein and calories, and encourage patients to eat more fruits, vegetables, drink soup and lean soup, through reasonable diet to enhance the patient's physical and mental energy, which can effectively alleviate fatigue and fatigue symptoms, and is conducive to enhancing the patient's defense capabilities.
Nephrotic syndrome is a chronic disease, although drug therapy is an indispensable and important means, good nursing is also an essential and important task. As long as proper care, not only can reduce side effects and complications caused by long term and heavy use of drugs, also can effectively improve the cure rate of the disease. Nephrotic patients and their families must not ignore this point.