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Similarities and differences of acute nephritis, chronic nephritis and nephrotic syndrome

Poor control of three diseases can eventually lead to kidney failure, and to urea. The pathogenesis of the three diseases is different, and the clinical symptoms are different Acute nephritis: Most prior to 1 ~ 3 weeks has a history of uppe...

Similarities and differences of acute nephritis, chronic nephritis and nephrotic syndrome

May 30, 2017 by Kidney Disease Expert

Poor control of three diseases can eventually lead to kidney failure, and to urea. The pathogenesis of the three diseases is different, and the clinical symptoms are different

Acute nephritis:

Most prior to 1 ~ 3 weeks has a history of upper respiratory tract or skin infections, suddenly appear blood in the urine or edema, light person since morning eyelid edema, the person that weigh edema, spread to the whole body accompanied by reduced the volume of urine, weight gain. Some patients have dizziness, blurred vision, loss of appetite, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and blunt pain in the waist. It should be noted that there is no high fever or urinary tract irritation, and there is no rash, joint pain, hematuria and edema history

Chronic nephritis:

Typical cases of diagnosis is not difficult, proteinuria, hematuria, microscopic examination of the microscopic see more different morphological changes of red blood cells), hypertension, oedema, kidney function not entire glomerular nephritis clinical manifestations, course for more than 1 year, with the exception of secondary glomerulonephritis, the disease should be considered.

Nephrotic syndrome:

There are four main characteristics of nephrotic syndrome, which is a large number of proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia, and significant edema throughout the body.

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