The treatment of nephrotic syndrome in children should pay attention to what? The children need to pay attention to the treatment of nephrotic syndrome may place more. Because children have no experience and the psychological process in many aspects, so parents should be more care in this aspect. It is the summary of suggestions of experts:
The treatment of nephrotic syndrome in children should pay attention to what?
The 1. observation period bloated access to detailed records, and note the amount of urine and diuretic properties. Such children found pale, general weakness, loss of appetite, edema, may occur hyponatremia, should promptly notify the doctor. To observe the change of body temperature, if you have a fever, it may be complicated by other infection, should cause seriously. Regularly measured weight, the edema condition allows cases, measurement of body weight once daily or every other day, and recorded in a single temperature should be column, edema disappeared after a week weight, for the observed effect.
2. basic nursing ward to keep clean, disinfected regularly, prevent air convection, pay attention to the prevention of colds. Conventional ultrasonic atomization inhalation of 1 /d, keep the airway moist, infected with antibiotics and urged children to have a good rest. Shortness of breath and give oxygen, each hydrogen peroxide mouthwash, every time urine after cleaning the vulva. The routine oral care. The oral ulcer nursing for injection with sterile water wipe, coated with cream 3 times stomatitis, /d.
3. children with diet nursing care on normal renal function, daily protein supply 1.2 ~ 1.8g/kg; on renal dysfunction, daily supply of protein 0.8g/kg, to reduce the burden on the kidneys. Advocate eating foods containing essential amino acids the human body more chicken, eggs, fish, lean meat and other protein, in order to increase the absorption and utilization rate of hypertension and edema. When given no salt or low salt diet for a long time, no salt or edible salt substitute. No edema, blood pressure normal children normal salt intake. Severe edema in children with the intake of liquid. In order to reduce the control hyperlipidemia, should avoid a low-fat diet rich in saturated fat foods, eat more rich in unsaturated fatty acids and water soluble fiber food. During a large dose of hormone therapy should be appropriate to add vitamin D and calcium. The attention of the appropriate to add a variety of vitamins, zinc, iron, folic acid and so on.
4. skin care edema in children with skin thinning, easy to cause secondary infection; blood circulation insufficiency, prone to pressure sore, so special attention should be the skin clean and avoid skin pressure too long. Children should rest in bed as edema, with severe edema should often change posture, pleural effusion should be semi supine, edema of lower extremity in children should be two lower limbs raised 30~40.. Scrotal edema in children should be legs apart, keep the scrotum clean and dry, the local use of talcum powder, with a sling lifts the scrotum, avoid local edema and damage caused by friction. In children with attention turning, prevention of skin ulceration. Children can use saline wash the wound after cleaning with 1:5000 nitrofurazone wet compress.
5.. Parents worry because of psychological nursing in children with the disease caused serious anxiety. Because of the long-term hospitalization, economic burden, loneliness, learning interrupt and many other reasons, children prone to depression, irritability, inferiority, anxiety and other adverse psychological adverse psychological. Children should take the initiative and communication, explain the illness to children and their families, maintain good state of mind the children, so as to establish the confidence to overcome the disease. To encourage parents to stabilize mood, and actively cooperate with the medical staff.
The treatment of children with strong enthusiasm.
The treatment of nephrotic syndrome in children should pay attention to what? All these are the five points of children with nephrotic syndrome treatment experts summary should be attention. Hope that parents pay more attention to these. Give them some encouragement, usually learn more about that, I can also contact online experts, to help you with questions.