The most distressing of the children and parents of nephrotic syndrome is the recurrence of the disease, which mainly refers to children sensitive to hormones or immunosuppressive agents. After the parents used the hormone or immunosuppressant according to the doctor's advice, the urine volume increased rapidly, and the urine protein turned negative. The parents also had some vague fears when they were happy, because the possibility of its recurrence was very large, sometimes even unknown causes.
The most common causes of disease recurrence and preventive measures:
Infected. Because of nephrotic syndrome in immunocompromised children, protein malnutrition, plus corticosteroids or immunosuppressive therapy, so that children with easy infection, respiratory tract infection is the most common, followed by skin and mucous membrane infection, urinary tract infection, digestive tract infection, oral cavity, nasopharyngeal infection etc..
Should pay attention to personal hygiene as usual, wash hands before meals and logistics, to keep the skin clean, dry, replace the underpants in a timely manner, the bedroom should open the window, open the door for ventilation, maintain indoor air fresh, keeping clean for children, children to avoid crowded public places, they should wear masks when they go out, when the weather changes, should pay attention to changes clothes, to prevent catching a cold; in the cold season, should avoid contact with the patient, to prevent cross infection; at the same time should pay attention to oral hygiene, brushing in the morning and evening, after eating gargle, to prevent the occurrence of dental caries; do not eat unclean food.
The insufficiency of the glucocorticoid causes the relapse of the disease. It is suggested that the children and parents follow the regular medication and observe the side effects.
Tired. The unreasonable arrangement of work and rest system leads to overwork. In order to reduce the recurrence of disease caused by fatigue, it is suggested that children arrange a day's work and rest reasonably, so that we can combine work and rest and avoid strenuous exercise. It is possible to take a walk outdoors, and children do not feel tired.
Keep your heart happy and don't give too much pressure to the children.
Diet. High protein, high fat diet can cause a relapse of the disease. The principles of diet for children with nephrotic syndrome are low salt, low fat, and low protein diet. When children have hypertension or edema, recommend appropriate salt restriction, limited water, when edema, blood pressure returned to normal, normal water intake, salt intake should also be close to normal; edible oil is recommended to choose vegetable oil, should be properly controlled; protein rich food intake should be properly controlled, selection of high quality protein food; such as allergic to certain things, recommended not to eat.