Nephrotic syndrome is a common kidney disease in children with a large number of proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia and edema as the main clinical features, so families in the care of children should pay attention to the following.
First, for children to develop a reasonable and healthy diet plan
Family members to develop a reasonable and healthy diet plan for patients. In the diet control, every day to ensure that 0.8 ~ 1.0g / kg of protein intake, protein intake to eat soy or animal protein is appropriate. Daily intake of heat should be greater than 126kJ / kg. If the edema is serious, the diet should keep the lower salt, until the children to eliminate edema, urine normal after the recovery of salt. At the same time, to ensure that a variety of vitamins and trace elements of adequate intake.
Second, the prevention of infection in patients
Prevention of infection for children with nephropathy is very important, because children suffering from kidney disease immunity is low, easy to stimulate infection, threatening the lives of children. To strengthen the oral, skin care, 2 to 3 times a day soda water mouthwash, with a purple and iodine volts and other damaged skin disinfection. In every step of treatment and care, insist on sterile operation.
Third, communicate with children more
Family members should follow the doctor's advice, to strengthen communication and communication with the children. Children due to long-term illness treatment, prone to anxiety and other psychological problems, for the children of these negative emotions, parents should be timely guidance to help children increase the determination and confidence in the fight against the disease. Parents should help children to adhere to long-term, correct treatment. Parents to help children to carry out appropriate physical exercise, to maintain the child's strength, enhance physical fitness.
How to care for children with nephrotic syndrome