Home > Nephrotic syndrome in children how to treat edema?

Nephrotic syndrome in children how to treat edema?

Written by admin | Published on 2017-06-19

  

Prominent features of nephrotic syndrome in children. Children are highly swollen limbs, head, trunk may have swollen, especially loose parts is more obvious, such as the eyelids, the boy scrotum can swollen like a light bulb, and visceral serous cavity effusion, such as pleural effusion and ascites.

Edema serious skin thin and translucent, slightly damaged skin, it will ooze water. Edema affects the blood circulation, so that local resistance decreased, easy to infection

Nephrotic syndrome, urine contains large amounts of protein, urine routine examination of urine protein found up to 24 hours to + + + + + + +, urinary protein excretion increased.

Blood tests can be found in plasma albumin decreased, the normal white, globulin ratio from 1 to 1.5 to 0.5, the proportion of occurrence of inverted plasma cholesterol. Some children in the medial thigh and upper arm, abdomen and chest and pregnant women similar skin white lines or purple lines, urine volume decreased significantly.

Due to the long lost in the urine can appear a lot of protein, protein malnutrition, dry hair yellowing, dry skin, hair follicle keratosis, finger (toe) a white stripes, growth retardation, anemia and infection. Some children with hematuria and hypertension.

Nephrotic syndrome, longer course, easy to repeated attacks. The greatest danger is secondary infection, such as skin erysipelas, intestinal infection, pneumonia, primary peritonitis and septicemia, any secondary infection can cause death.

Expert answer:

1: general diet without diet, protein should be increased appropriately, but had azotemia of edema, hypertension should be limited; children should be sodium restriction, severe edema should be restricted to the water.

2 if there should be no damage to the infection, renal antibiotics (such as penicillin). 3: oral diuretic hydrochlorothiazide or spironolactone and furosemide can be used when necessary.

4 transfusion of plasma and blood protein can improve serum protein and reduce edema

5: hormone therapy often have oral prednisone, diuretic swelling, reduce proteinuria, the full amount of 3 ~ 4 times, after 4 weeks for, such as urine protein in 7 ~ 10 days for 3 times were negative (i.e. urine protein free), it is the next day the full amount in the morning a single service, so by 4 weeks, every 2 ~ 4 weeks reduction time, until the withdrawal. The total course of 4 6 months. If 4 weeks before the start of treatment of urinary protein did not disappear, to prolong the course, can not be changed into every one ton service, should continue according to the original dose by 4 week, if the urine protein in 8 weeks for 3 times (7 ~ 10 days) were negative, then it can be changed to the morning after a ton service, and then 4 weeks later, every 2 to 4 weeks of reduction time, until the withdrawal. The total course extension for 9 to 12 months.

6 when the hormone is ineffective or has toxic side effects, it can be treated with immunosuppressive agents (such as meglumine, or butyric acid, nitrogen mustard, or nitrogen mustard)

7 Chinese medicine treatment: spleen deficiency with Buzhong Yiqi occasion five Ling San (Radix Codonopsis, Atractylodes rhizome, tangerine peel, tuckahoe, Polyporus, Alisma, corn, Magnolia, Chen gourd, licorice). Spleen kidney yang deficiency in spleen decoction combined with tetrandrine Huang Decoction (monkshood, ginger, Poria, Atractylodes, anti. Yam, Radix Morindae Officinalis, Cistanche, Xianlingpi).

 

Disclaimer: this article only represents the author's personal opinion, not the website. Its originality and the statement text and content without the site confirmed that for all or part of this paper and the content, the authenticity of the text, the integrity, timeliness in this website do not make any commitment or promise, please readers for reference only, and please check the related content. If you have any questions, please consult the online expert!

Tag:
Related articles
  • How to reduce protein in urine during pre
    How to reduce protein in urine during pregnancy

    How to reduce protein in urine during pregnancy? Many pregnant women have proteinuria during pregnancy, but many people don't understand the cause. There are many factors that cause proteinuria in pregnancy: pseudo-proteinuria, hypertensive diso...

    2017-11-01

  • Kidney pain after drinking alcohol
    Kidney pain after drinking alcohol

    This article focuses on why drinking too much can cause kidney pain, helping to specifically analyze the excessive drinking of kidney pain and other diseases. ...

    2017-10-16

  • Why kidney pain after drinking alcohol
    Why kidney pain after drinking alcohol

    Kidney pain after drinking alcohol is the phenomenon of kidney metabolism, do not worry too much. Often drink, especially beer, eat seafood, can cause increased uric acid, urinary acid crystals in the kidney, increased after the formation of uric acid...

    2017-11-01

  • Can you have sex with a kidney infection?
    Can you have sex with a kidney infection?

    Can you have sex with a kidney infection? Antibiotics interfere to some extent with the absorption of the BC pill and reduce its efficacy from, lets say, 98% to 75%. But it remains quite effective. Once you start your new cycle and are no l...

    2017-11-01

  • How long is the third stage kidney diseas
    How long is the third stage kidney disease life expectancy?

    How long is the third stage kidney disease life expectancy? In general, the 3 stage of renal disease is moderate renal impairment. If there are no serious complications and symptoms, it can survive for a long time....

    2017-10-25

  • Diet health care method for patients with
    Diet health care method for patients with kidney stone

    Patients with kidney stones diet should pay much attention,the majority of patients with kidney stones should have a suitable diet and health care methods, their then, we ask the following experts to introduce diet and health care methods i...

    2017-10-16

  • Kidney pain after drinking alcohol sympto
    Kidney pain after drinking alcohol symptoms

    As everyone knows, many of our friends have health kidney pains in daily do not feel, but after drinking it will be very prone to nephralgic symptoms, so why is it so easy to appearnephralgia after drink? What should we pay attention to red...

    2017-10-16

  • Kidney pain after drinking alcohol introd
    Kidney pain after drinking alcohol introduce

    For the disease of kidney pain after drinking alcohol, we do not know how to do is the best of the disease, people in addition to pay attention to active treatment, but also must in the treatment period to do the body conditioning work, so...

    2017-10-16

  • Diet therapy and routine nursing of nephr
    Diet therapy and routine nursing of nephrotic syndrome

    Nephrotic syndrome diet treatment is what? Nephrotic syndrome, daily care, what are the notes? Immediately follow the doctor through worry network, detailed understanding of it! First, nephrotic syndrome diet treatment 1, corn, medlar stewe...

    2017-10-18

  • Not only kidney pain after drinking alcoh
    Not only kidney pain after drinking alcohol and even life-threatening

    Two days ago, 120 sent a coma to our emergency department. After examination, he found a large amount of water in his abdomen. The examination showed that the kidneys were failing. We give him abdominal puncture after a large number of ligh...

    2017-10-16

  • How to lower protein in urine by diet?
    How to lower protein in urine by diet?

    This article focuses on reducing the normal level of proteinuria diet, as well as low protein diet and protein diet. ...

    2017-10-16

  • Why choose traditional Chinese medicine t
    Why choose traditional Chinese medicine treatment

    Many foreign patients give up the treatment of Western medicine came to China for treatment, why? Western medicine treatment of a variety of nephritis, kidney disease, nephrotic syndrome, use of hormone therapy, but the hormone on the condi...

    2016-12-15

  • How long is polycystic kidney disease lif
    How long is polycystic kidney disease life expectancy?

    How longis polycystic kidney disease life expectancy ? How long can the polycystic kidney patients life is related topolycystic kidney treatment, so polycystic kidney disease life expectancy there is no definite answer. Polycystic kidney dis...

    2017-10-16

  • Diet treatment for chronic kidney disease
    Diet treatment for chronic kidney disease

    Chronic kidney disease is a tough disease, the pathogenesis is complex, and the diagnosis is difficult. How can we treat it? Now lets have the experts explain the diet treatment of chronic kidney disease for us! Chronic kidney disease (CKD)...

    2017-07-23

  • Healthy diet and dietary aftercare of nep
    Healthy diet and dietary aftercare of nephrotic syndrome

    How to eat a healthy diet for patients with nephrotic syndrome Patients with nephrotic syndrome easily have the infection and renal venous thrombosis and other complications during the treatment.To reduce to appear the complications, patien...

    2017-10-18

  • What are dietary recommendations for pati
    What are dietary recommendations for patients with nephrotic syndrome include?

    What are dietary recommendations for patients with nephrotic syndrome include? Nephrotic syndrome is now known for all the people, a lot of people are deeply hurt for nephrotic syndrome, nephrotic syndrome diet is concerned, the following i...

    2017-08-26

  • 90% hemodialysis patients will appear ski
    90% hemodialysis patients will appear skin itchingcaused by high blood phosphorus,how to treat?

    In fact, not only hemodialysis patients with nephropathy, from creatinine 200 began, because patients with kidney function decline, can no longer regulate phosphorus metabolism, many patients will appear hyperphosphatemia. Limit P is good,...

    2017-09-28

  • How to reduce urine protein?
    How to reduce urine protein?

    Urine protein is a protein that is detected by the turbidity of the urine after acidification. Normal 24-hour urine protein range is ≦ 0.15g, routine urine test protein is negative. Such as the detection of urine protein 150 mg / day, tha...

    2017-10-16

  • How far uremia from you?
    How far uremia from you?

    Uremia as a nephropathy serious one, the cause of the disease and nephropathy patients must have a clear understanding of this, the following is what the cause of uremia! 1: nephropathy is the main cause of uremia. The final outcome of all...

    2017-01-07

  • What diet for nephrotic syndrome in adult
    What diet for nephrotic syndrome in adults should pay attention to?

    Adult Nephrotic Syndrome Diet Attention to limit the protein diet, pay attention to limit the intake of salt, taking hormonal drugs due to be careful and so on a series of adult nephrotic syndrome diet precautions....

    2017-10-18

Contact Us






�����壿�����
Popular articles
Popular video