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Characteristics and dietary regulation of nephrotic syndrome

Written by admin | Published on 2017-06-19

  

What are the characteristics of nephrotic syndrome in children? How to diet? Characteristics of nephrotic syndrome in children. Children are highly swollen limbs, head, trunk may have swollen, especially loose parts is more obvious, such as the eyelids, the boy scrotum can swollen like a light bulb, and visceral serous cavity effusion, such as pleural effusion severe edema and ascites. The skin is thin and translucent skin, slightly damaged will seepage. Here's a look at the characteristics of children with nephrotic syndrome and diet.

What are the characteristics of nephrotic syndrome in children? How to regulate diet?

What are the characteristics of children with nephrotic syndrome? Edema affecting blood circulation, to reduce local resistance, prone to infection. Nephrotic syndrome, urine contains large amounts of protein, urine routine examination of urine protein found up to 24 hours to + + + + + + +, urinary protein excretion increased. Blood test can be found to reduce plasma albumin, normal white, globulin ratio from 1 to 1.5 to 0.5, the proportion of occurrence of inverted plasma cholesterol. Some children in the medial thigh and upper arm, abdomen and chest and pregnant women similar skin white lines or purple lines, urine volume decreased significantly.

What are the characteristics of children with nephrotic syndrome due to long-term urinary loss from? Can appear a lot of protein, protein malnutrition, dry hair yellowing, dry skin, hair follicle keratosis, finger (toe) a white stripes, growth retardation, anemia and infection. Some children with hematuria and hypertension.

Nephrotic syndrome, longer course, easy to repeated attacks. The greatest danger is secondary infection, such as skin erysipelas, intestinal infection, pneumonia, primary peritonitis and septicemia, any secondary infection can cause death.

What are the characteristics of nephrotic syndrome in children? How to regulate diet?

Children with nephrotic syndrome significantly edema and hypertension should be strictly limited, short-term water and sodium intake, after remission without salt restriction. The general case of active nephropathy daily to salt 1 ~ 2 grams, to ensure that the needs of growth and development. The absolute limit of salt can lead to children with fatigue, nausea, vomiting, serious causes life is in danger.

Moderate protein diet does not mean excessive protein diet

Too much food protein intake in nephropathy remission, but the urine more protein, but also may be due to excessive load of protein, glomerular damage. Therefore, it is advocated that the amount of protein diet, while the supply of adequate energy. The general normal renal function of children with kidney disease, due to the long-term loss of a large number of proteins in urine and the growth and development of children, dietary protein intake should be accounted for 8% of the total daily calories to 10%, or 1.2 per day to 1.8 grams / kg. Associated with renal dysfunction should be reduced to 0.5 g / kg per day. The quality of protein to protein (milk, fish, eggs, poultry, beef, etc.) is appropriate. The distribution of protein quality in three should focus on dinner. In addition, the application of corticosteroids in the treatment of children with abnormal appetite, hyperthyroidism, often excessive feeding induced body weight increase, may be found in liver, fatty liver. Of these children with calorie intake should be Appropriate controls

 

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