With the change of life style, the change of the environment, there are a lot of children suffering from kidney disease, many children because parents do not understand the clinical manifestation of children nephropathy, not timely and effective treatment, also neglected to adjust its diet, such as children to avoid salt nephritis. In young adulthood or appeared as uremia. Parents should first have a clear understanding of children's kidney disease, should also strengthen the screening of early childhood nephropathy, to early detection, to avoid delays.
Many children with nephrotic syndrome is often composed of a cold, have a fever and other symptoms caused by infection of kidney disease, when the parents of children with hematuria was found to reduce the amount of urine, urine, bubble increased, eyelid swelling and other symptoms, should be promptly sent to the hospital to check. The red cell morphology examination in urine, urinary protein qualitative, quantitative examination, blood routine examination and liver function tests. Some of the refractory nephrotic syndrome, hematuria and unexplained congenital kidney disease, kidney puncture biopsy should be performed as soon as possible, so as to find the reason, diagnosis to treatment.
Most of the children with hematuria is invisible to the naked eye, only under the microscope found in red blood cells. Only a few children with visible hematuria hematuria. The color of some is red like wash water meat, some like the thick dark brown, which is associated with the pH of the urine, hope in the observation of the urine of the patients should pay attention to this a little. Most children appears in the early onset of hypertension, is generally 120-150080-110mmHg, some serious cases can also have a headache, nausea, vomiting, cough, dyspnea and other symptoms. Specifically, there are four symptoms:
First, most parents are very aware of the high degree of edema;
Second, the urine test has a lot of proteinuria;
Third, check the total protein in the blood is reduced;
Fourth, the serum cholesterol is increased. So we generally referred to as the "three high and one low", three is highly swollen, highly proteinuria, high cholesterol, total protein is a low serum reduced. First there is edema.
Acute nephritis in children is more common in preschool children, usually in the cold, skin infection a week Houyi appeared. Because of its various manifestations of glomerulonephritis in children do not ache not to itch, if parents do not carefully observe the child's change, is likely to delay the disease. The disease is often in 1-4 weeks before the onset of acute tonsillar inflammation, skin impetigo pioneers such as infection. Have low fever, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and other symptoms, these symptoms do not have a fever what the difference with the general infection, not easy to arouse people's attention, often overlooked. Edema and oliguria is characteristic of the disease, generally from children with swollen eyelids began, and gradually extended to the whole body so, when a child has upper eyelid edema, we should find out the reason, see because of plenty of water or the rest is not good, or because got kidney disease, clear after treatment of kidney disease as soon as possible, must not be wasted time.