The child kidney disease diet must abide by five principles, how should the child care? As kidney disease in the crowd more and more younger, for children suffering from kidney disease situation is not new, but ready to regulate still is the topic that the parents are concerned about, especially through diet children's kidney disease. How do children care?
A child's kidney disease should be followed by five principles
Low protein diet
Reduce the kidney burden. Low protein diets should not be too long to prevent anemia. It can be used in good quality protein such as eggs, milk, lean meat, fish etc. Avoid using beans and their products.
Limit sodium and moisture
To eliminate edema, limit sodium and moisture. Low salt, salt and low sodium diet should be given according to the condition.
Amount to heat energy
Heavy people need to stay in bed, reduce energy consumption and reduce the amount of activity that reduces appetite, so there is no need to increase the amount of food that is given to children with kidney disease every day.
The diet of children's kidney disease is sufficient for vitamin
Use fresh green leafy greens and fruits. Fresh vegetables can increase your appetite, unless you have to limit your potassium needs and strict limits on vegetables during a short period of urine. Otherwise, fresh vegetables should be supplied. The restorative period can supply the yam, the red date, the osmanthus, the lotus seed, the silver ear and so on the food that has the tonic effect. B vitamins, vitamin a, vitamin c and folic acid, iron and other nutrients, all contribute to kidney function recovery and prevent anemia, should be replenished.
Children's kidney disease is full of carbohydrates and moderate amounts of fat
Much of the food heat is supplied by carbohydrates. A small amount of protein supplied by food is fully used for tissue repair and growth development. It is advisable to add powder, sweet heart, cold powder and so on. Pediatric kidney disease in primary is seen, the main pathological changes of glomerular basement membrane permeability increased, clinical often characterized by a large amount of proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia, whole body obvious pitting edema and abnormal renal function and a series of symptoms.
What nutrition does the child kidney disease need to add
For people with nephrotic syndrome, there will be a lot of proteinuria, therefore, to the appropriate protein, it can effectively eliminate edema, and children with nephrotic syndrome can cause resistance to drop, renal failure, therefore, to timely protein, such ability can effectively relieve the protein, also can prevent some complications, however, the intake of protein in moderation, so as not to cause greater harm to the body.
2, vitamin intake
In patients with nephrotic syndrome, the glomerular membrane permeability increased, can make to speed up the rate of loss of protein, at the same time also will be lost with proteins to get some of the elements, such as calcium, magnesium deficiency can cause children some trace elements, therefore, have to be vitamin intake timely, serious to use drugs to supplement.
How to care for children's nephrotic syndrome?
Because the child's large amount of protein is excreted from the small, the body often has the protein deficiency phenomenon, the reason should be given supplement in the diet. Children with sick children should contain sufficient amounts of protein such as fish, lean meat, poultry, and soy products. In addition, you should limit your salt intake to less than two grams per day. If the kindergarten lacks the condition to prepare this special diet for the sick, let the parents bring it themselves, heat a hot meal, and let the child eat well. Don't limit their diet.
The child is in a stable condition and usually needs medication. The teacher and the health care physician should check the child's medication daily.
3, grasp the epidemic, avoid cross infection
Once the disease source of other disease occurs in the kindergarten, the child should be isolated from the sick child in time, or he should be allowed to go home to avoid other infectious diseases.
Due to the long-term use of certain substances, the immune system is reduced, and it is easy to be infected with the respiratory tract, and the activity of the child should be severely restricted. Do some quiet games, avoid strenuous exercise, prevent the child fatigue, aggravate the disease.
Dress and sleep
The weather changes should be made in time to reduce clothes and keep warm. More care should be given during the nap to ensure adequate sleep.