The clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome are mainly proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, high edema and hyperlipidemia. Nephrotic syndrome has many causes, and all sorts of damage factors lead to kidney damage, which results in a large amount of proteinuria. At present, the pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome has not been clear, and it is believed that it may be related to the immune function, which is more common in children.
Nephrotic syndrome kidney damage, can not clear the body too much water and fluid retention, interstitial tissue gap, often manifested as morning after eyelid or facial edema, and then gradually spread throughout the body. If the friend discovers this symptom, must cause attention, avoid to delay diagnostic treatment.
Suffering from nephrotic syndrome patients were treated with hormone, especially the application of large dose hormone treatment method, to consider the side effects of hormone, pregnant women should also consider the effect of drugs on the fetus, some drugs can pass through the blood placenta barrier, thus causing cancer, deformity and mutation effects on the fetus.
Nephrotic syndrome diet should eat light, digestible food, forbidden to preserve food, less MSG and soda. In the early stage of disease, high quality protein intake should be given to alleviate the hypoproteinemia and complications. For chronic nephrotic syndrome, the protein intake should be appropriately limited.
For nephrotic syndrome, it is usually not hereditary. Therefore, to find out the cause of nephrotic syndrome is very important, the etiology of nephrotic syndrome on the exclusion of whether to exclude hereditary nephritis induced nephropathy, which is a genetic disease, clinical diagnosis can be confirmed by renal biopsy.