What are the complications of nephrotic syndrome? Nephrotic syndrome is now one of the most common kidney disease, brought great harm to the people's body. And nephrotic syndrome patients will have a variety of complications, the following will explain in detail about what are the complications of nephrotic syndrome.
Infection is the most common complication of nephrotic syndrome. Because large amounts of immunoglobulin are lost in urine, plasma proteins are reduced, which in turn affects the formation of antibodies. The use of adrenal cortex hormones and cytotoxic drugs will reduce the body resistance of patients, particularly prone to infection, such as skin infections, primary peritonitis, respiratory infections, urinary tract infection, and even induced sepsis.
The formation of thrombosis: the most common renal vein thrombosis, the typical performance of sudden low back pain, hematuria and even naked eye hematuria, both sides of the lower limb asymmetry swelling and activity disorders, oliguria and even renal failure. But most cases without obvious symptoms. Prerenal, idiopathic or pathological outcomes can lead to acute renal failure. 5% of small lesions of nephrotic syndrome can be complicated with acute renal failure.
Coronary heart disease: nephrotic syndrome patients often have hyperlipidemia and hypercoagulable state of the blood, so prone to have coronary heart disease. It has been reported that the incidence of myocardial infarction in patients with nephrotic syndrome is 8 times higher than that normal people. Coronary heart disease has become the third death cause of nephrotic syndrome.
Electrolyte and metabolic disorders: repeated use of diuretics or long-term unreasonable prohibit salt, may cause secondary to nephrotic syndrome patients with hyponatremia; the use of adrenal cortex hormones and a large amount of diuretics lead to a large amount of urination, if without timely potassium supplement, prone to have hypokalemia.
Nephrotic syndrome easily lead to a series of complications, leading to the aggravation of patient's condition, so we must pay more attention in daily life. If you still have any questions about nephrotic syndrome, you can leave a message below, we will reply to you as soon as possible.
Tongshantang: the complications of nephrotic syndrome