Have you had any swelling lately? Is the urine very cloudy? Please pick up the biochemical report again, and carefully check whether the albumin is low and triglyceride or cholesterol is high If so, you are already suffering from nephrotic syndrome.
1, a large number of protein lost
The loss of excessive protein due to massive proteinuria is the root cause of the clinical symptoms of nephrotic syndrome. On the biochemical list, the decrease in serum albumin results in physical edema.
Albumin is an important index to evaluate body nutritional state, low albumin may presage with malnutrition; albumin is also is an important transport protein in plasma, excessive loss will lead to edema, hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis and metabolic alkalosis and a series of health problems.
Similarly, the loss of transferrin, vitamin D binding protein and other proteins not only lead to the lack of trace elements, disturbance of bone mineral metabolism, but also lead to low immunity and infection.
Hyperlipidemia indicates a disorder of lipid metabolism, which further aggravates the burden on the kidneys, reduces immunity and leads to a series of cerebrovascular problems. Patients with nephrotic syndrome often suffer from malnutrition and lack of nutrients. Therefore, rational nutrition is very important for nephrotic syndrome, and avoiding the wrong diet is the most important! Try not to touch the food as much as possible:
1), high sodium food
Kidney disease requires a low salt diet, and edema requires more control of salt intake, severe edema, and even a salt free diet or a low sodium diet. Therefore, for high salt foods should be avoided, such as beef jerky, beef, pickled tofu, bacon, shrimp, egg, pickled vegetables, seaweed, Salted Duck Egg, Pickled Potherb Mustard, salt, soy sauce, soy sauce and sauce, pickled products etc..
2). High fat diet
In the presence of lipid metabolism disorders, it is necessary to control the intake of fat. High fat food at this time is not suitable for the peanuts, walnuts, almonds, sesame seeds and nuts and sausages, pork fat, meat and oil etc.. Acute attack period, when necessary, cooking oil also needs to decrease accordingly.
3), high cholesterol foods
Note that some kind of internal organs, such as liver, lung, kidney, liver, egg, anchovies, shrimp, crab etc.. It is worth noting that, although eggs and other eggs cholesterol content is relatively high, but nutrients are comprehensive, high nutritional value, or recommended to eat a whole egg per day.
4), spicy food
Patients with nephrotic syndrome are often associated with gastrointestinal edema and ascites, affecting digestion and absorption, should eat light digestible food. Pepper, pepper, garlic, mustard and all kinds of liquor and so on, it is not appropriate to choose.
If the nephrotic syndrome exists hyperkalemia, requires high potassium diet foods, such as fruit, fruit juice, leafy vegetables (before eating to remove excess potassium); and high uric acid requires purine intake restriction, such as animal liver, beer, broth and mushroom etc..