Many patients with nephrotic syndrome and their families will own, high protein food to eat a lot of meat and fish. The reason is that he (she) who heard of the disease many proteins from the urine to in vitro, body protein is reduced. Therefore, hard to eat, for lack of nutrition. On the contrary, some patients have heard eat more protein, urine out more and more of the protein in the urine, the greater the kidney harm result is not eating meat and fish contain high protein food. How eating protein diet?
Patients with nephrotic syndrome due to a large number of loss of protein from the urine, the body will lack the protein, hypoproteinemia long time, cause negative nitrogen balance, the body in a state of malnutrition. So, if you do not give a high protein diet, is detrimental to the body, may make the serum egg white lower, anemia, malnutrition at this time of edema. Adults can per kilogram of weight 1.5 to 2 grams of protein, if the weight is 70 kilograms, should eat 105 to 140 grams of protein. It should be more egg, meat (pigs, cattle, sheep, chicken, fish, etc.), these foods contain high quality protein more, say that they are of high quality protein, because of their high biological value. The high quality protein to total protein accounted for 60 ~ 70% better. Modern research shows that a high protein diet can cause glomerular hyperfiltration, high perfusion, promote glomerular sclerosis, renal interstitial fibrosis and interstitial inflammation, so it is not the main A long-term eating a high protein diet.
If the nephrotic syndrome in chronic period, non serious, protein intake should be reduced, adult daily per kilogram of body weight 0.7 ~ 1 grams, with 70 kg weight, daily consumption of protein is 49 ~ 70 grams.
If the nephrotic syndrome in patients with renal impairment, appear nitrogen retention, blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine was higher than normal, it is necessary to limit the amount of protein, and low protein diet, adult daily per kilogram of body weight 0.5 ~ 0.7 grams, if the weight is 70 kilograms, so all day long can eat about 35 to 49 grams of protein.
In a word, to answer the nephrotic syndrome patients how to eat protein diet, can be summarized in the following three sentences:
1. when the normal renal function
(1) in acute period, serious, can eat a high protein diet, the amount per day per kg of body weight 1.5 to 2 grams.
(2) in chronic, non serious period, to reduce the consumption of high protein diet, the amount per day per kg of body weight 0.7 to 1 grams.
2. when the renal function is not normal, nitrogen retention, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine was higher than normal
Low protein diet, per kilogram of body weight per day 0.5 ~ 0.7 grams.
3. eating protein, high quality protein to total protein accounted for 60 ~ 70%.