How do you know if you have a kidney infection?kidney pain , being sick, feeling very hot, feeling like you have no energy, vomitting, going to the toilet a lot, burning pee and also blood in your pee...
A nasty and uncomfortable kidney infection results when bacteria enter via the bladder and invade one or both kidneys. Medically known as, Pyelonephritis, a kidney infection won’t cause any serious kidney damage if it’s treated early.

How do you know if you have a kidney infection?Here are the 9 most  telling signs that you’ve fallen victim to a kidney infection…

1. Kidney Pain

Pain and discomfort on the side of the affected kidney is common with a kidney infection. You may also feel a dull pain in your lower back as well as in the genital area. Obviously, every patient with a kidney infection feels different degrees of pain (in fact, some have zero pain) and different symptoms.

However, severe pain is common with a kidney infection with many patients complaining of radiating pain in their sides and backs, just below the ribs where the kidneys sit. Many also complain of pain that moves about, or travels from the lower abdomen into the back, and even in the area of the groin. Typically pain is radiating, which means it fluctuates in waves of sharp pain, followed by throbbing pain and tenderness.

2. Chills & Fever

With any infection, a fever can occur with temperatures soaring above 100-degrees Fahrenheit, accompanied by the normal chills—so grab a blanket and warm up. A kidney infection is caused by an over production of bacteria in the organ, as bacteria attach themselves to the walls of the kidneys symptoms will flare up, including fever.

Often patients don’t experience fever and chills until the kidney infection is present for some time. Left untreated, a kidney infection will  cause a mild to high fever, accompanied by telltale chills. If you experience a sudden and unexplained fever, please see a doctor immediately.

3. Fatigue

Lack of energy is also common with an infection of the kidneys with the patient often feeling so weak or zapped of energy that all they want to do is sleep.  Rest is needed for the body to fight off the infection.

4. Urinary Urgency

If your kidney infection worsens, and spreads to the urethra, you will often feel the constant and sudden urge to urinate, even if you just emptied your bladder. You may feel like you can’t quite empty your bladder, like there is fluid remaining, even right after using the washroom. Your urine can also have a foul smell and appear cloudy as the infection worsens.

This overwhelming persistent urge to urinate is often one of the first signs of a kidney infection. The urge to go can be accompanied by pressure or heaviness in the lower abdomen as well as a dull, throbbing pain. However, keep in mind that this feeling of urinary urgency is also characteristic of kidney stones as well as a urinary tract infection (UTI).

5. Nausea

A mild nausea and even vomiting, may very well cause victims of a kidney infection to suffer from loss of appetite and fatigue and weight loss due to lack of nourishment. You may also feel nauseated due to dehydration, which is a common result as the body tries to flush bacteria from the body with increased urinary frequency.

You may feel so nauseated from the infection that you become sick to your stomach. The nausea and stomach upset can occur for a few reasons. For instance, you may feel nauseated due to pain and pressure on your abdomen from the infection. On nausea and vomiting can occur due to improperly functioning kidneys. Keep in mind that the kidneys are responsible for toxin elimination, which means vomiting may occur to purge waste products from the body if kidneys aren’t working fast enough.

6. Jaundice

Many children with kidney infections that are not treated right away end up with jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin that’s particularly evident in the whites of the eyes. Jaundice can occur when the blood contains an excess of bilirubin, a pigment that is produced naturally when red blood cells are broken down and excreted through bile.

Interestingly, bile is actually green in color, however, when it reacts with bacteria in the large bowel, bilirubin takes a dark brown or dark yellow colour. Jaundice most typically occurs when the liver (the body’s main elimination route) is faulty. However,  jaundice can also occur when waste products aren’t excreted properly via the urine (which is the responsibility of the kidneys).

7. Flu-Like Malaise

Feeling sick, as if you have the flu, is very common to those suffering from a kidney infection. So it’s easy to brush off as routine malaise if you have a fever, headache, nausea, and muscle aches that you would experience with a stomach bug or flu. However, these tell tale symptoms are also common with urinary tract infections, which are bacterial infections that can strike at any portion of your urinary tract (i.e., the bladder, kidneys, ureters, and urethra.

A UTI can easily become a kidney infection when bacteria invade the urethra, multiply, and move onward to the bladder (this is called cystitis). If a UTI isn’t properly treated, bacteria can continue to multiply, traveling up the ureters an eventually taking up host in the kidneys. A doctor typically refers to a kidney infection as pyelonephritis, which can spread to the bloodstream, causing severe illness throughout the body. Luckily, pyelonephritis is typical remedied with antibiotics.

8. Blood in Urine

Those with a severe kidney infection often go to the doctor complaining of pus or tinges of blood in the urine. When red blood cells are evident in the urine, the condition is referred to as a Hematuria. Hematuria can occur when a urinary tract infection (or UTI) spreads from the bladder and urethra (the lower urinary system) to the upper urinary system (kidneys and ureters). A severe kidney infection is referred to as pyelonephritis a this point.

Blood can appear in the urine when kidneys function is disturbed. Healthy kidneys work to filter the blood and toxins. The elimination of toxins is effective when the kidneys produce urine to emit waste from the body. If blood is not filtered property on route from the kidneys down to the bladder, urine can appear blood tinged or cloudy with blood.

9. Flank Pain

With a kidney infection, a patient can often experience a dull pain that comes and goes in the flank (the fleshy area between the ribs and hip) and lower back on the side close to where the affected kidney is located. Flank pain is characterized by pressure, throbbing pain, or discomfort in the side, upper abdomen, or back, just underneath the ribs and above the pelvis. Typically, kidney flank pain will present more severely on one side of the body.

Sudden and chronic flank pain may be caused by a serious medical condition (i.e., UTI or a kidney infection). If severe flank pain occurs suddenly it can also be the result of painful kidney stones or another kidney problem. If you experience chronic flank pain, don’t take a pain reliever and go to sleep, Leave a message for us (tongshanmed@yahoo.com), if the pain persists for a long time. If it is untreated, it can lead to other serious kidney problems.