We know that kidney disease is a serious hazard to human health of the urinary system disease, recurrent, refractory. Especially when the development of nephropathy in renal failure, all the systems of the body to produce disease, such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, liver disease and hematopoietic function decline, then the treatment is more difficult. So the main nephropathy what are the characteristics of it, to understand it.

Acute nephritis

Acute onset, severity of a most favorable prognosis, usually heal in a few months to a year. Have proteinuria, hematuria (or microscopic hematuria), cylindruria, often with edema, hypertension or transient azotemia, without renal damage.

Acute nephritis

Sudden onset, severe illness, rapid development. Proteinuria, hematuria, urinary tube, edema significantly, with the rapid development of hypertension, anemia and hypoproteinemia. Progressive renal function loss, oliguria or anuria. There is no effective treatment, more than six months to a year died of uremia.

chronic nephritis

Slow onset, persistent disease, weight, renal function gradually decline, later can appear anemia, retinopathy and uremia. Different degree of proteinuria, edema and hypertension, is an important course. Because of respiratory tract infection caused by acute exacerbation of similar acute nephritis also have performance. In some cases can have automatic relief. According to the clinical manifestations can be pided into: (1) there are a variety of common symptoms of nephritis, but no outstanding performance. (2) hypertension besides the general symptoms of nephritis, especially hypertension. (3) acute onset of chronic nephritis condition is relatively stable, mild symptoms, often because of all kinds of infection induced symptoms, a sudden increase, the clinical manifestations of the acute nephritis.

Nephrotic syndrome

Proteinuria (more than 3.5g/24h). Hypoproteinemia (serum albumin <30g/L=. height edema, hyperlipidemia. Two. Nephrotic syndrome is a symptom diagnosis term of primary nephrotic syndrome according to the different clinical manifestations can be pided into type I and type II. Type I without persistent blood pressure, urine red blood cell centrifugal <10 / HPF, no anemia, no persistent renal insufficiency. Proteinuria is usually highly selective (SPI<0.1=, urinary FDP and C3 value in the normal range. Type II is often accompanied by hypertension, renal damage, proteinuria, urinary tube urine. FDP and C3 are often more than normal, proteinuria is usually non selective.

latent glomerulonephritis

With asymptomatic microscopy, hematuria and a small amount of proteinuria, tubular urine is characterized by no obvious clinical symptoms