Pediatric nephritis is one of the most common diseases in children. At the same time, some parents should pay special attention to some habits and dietary habits. When children suffer from nephritis, the amount of salt must be paid special attention to. Only in this way can we better control the condition and avoid the deterioration of nephritis. Here are some tips for parents.
Acute nephritis, often advocated control of sodium salt into the body, because nephritis, due to abnormal renal excretion of sodium, glomerular filtration rate is poor, sodium salt into the body is not easy to discharge and retention, causing edema.
In addition, aldosterone secretion in nephritis is more than that in renal tubules. The increase of potassium and sodium retention in renal tubules leads to retention of water and sodium. When salt enters the body and absorbs blood, it not only aggravates the burden on the kidneys, but also increases the permeability of the plasma. The osmotic pressure is high, the water absorption is strong, and the blood volume is increased, which is the burden of the heart. Sodium ion can enter the tissue through the capillary tube wall, which is increased by the osmotic pressure of tissue fluid, while some of the water transfers to the tissues. The water in the interstitial space increases and aggravates the swelling.
So to avoid salt nephritis, but should pay attention to avoid long-term salt not only affect the appetite, but also on renal lesion recovery does not help, is harmful to children's growth in body health, even may cause hyponatremia syndrome.
Acute phase of childhood nephritis, heart failure, hypertension, edema, oliguria should also avoid salt, in order to prevent the increase in blood volume, high blood pressure and swelling. To edema subsided, urine volume normal, blood pressure returned to normal, can be a low salt diet, not more than 2 grams per day, and then continue to observe, the condition is better day by day, can gradually over to the general diet.
When nephritis edema serious, high blood pressure significantly, urine volume decreased significantly, or heart involvement, in addition to bogey salt, but also according to the condition limit protein and liquid intake, diet to sugar and fat based.
The child is lively and active, the body is discharged quickly, so more like heavier food. Then, as parents, we must help the child good pass, to the child with a scientific diet. Reasonable control of salt intake, so as not to aggravate the child's condition. Unfavorable treatment of nephritis.