Many people in the kidney B ultrasound examination found his kidney atrophy, what is kidney atrophy? Atrophy of the kidney usually results in atrophy of the left kidney, atrophy of the right kidney and atrophy of both kidneys.
In fact, renal atrophy is an abnormal phenomenon in which the size of the kidney is related to the age, sex, height and weight of the human body, and is relatively small or markedly narrowed. Chronic kidney disease that causes loss of the nephron, especially the glomerulus, reduces the size of the entire kidney. Renal atrophy and renal function changes are complementary to each other, when patients with renal atrophy has been or will appear when renal insufficiency and renal failure, uremia. Therefore, improving and controlling renal atrophy is critical in the treatment of kidney disease.
Generally speaking, the causes of renal atrophy are as follows:
1, it is necessary to consider congenital renal hypoplasia after renal atrophy, followed by end-stage renal disease, renal failure, uremia, or certain acute diseases. Such as: acute renal glomerular disease, diabetic nephrocirrhosis and renal transplant rejection, chronic glomerulonephritis, renal cortical necrosis, Alport syndrome, acute tubular necrosis, hypertensive nephrosclerosis.
2, bilateral kidney or one side kidney shrinks, it is the pathogeny of chronic pyelonephritis more, this also is the common cause of kidney atrophy.
3, the double kidney is generally reduced due to the progression of chronic kidney disease to renal insufficiency, especially renal failure, uremia, blood creatinine and urea nitrogen increased, severe kidney damage, kidney essence damage, kidney will be reduced. Therefore, to remind patients suffering from renal atrophy must pay attention to this disease, kidney disease occult is very strong, if the glomerular filtration rate is less than 50%, that is, serious kidney damage, clinical symptoms corresponding to produce. After the diagnosis of renal atrophy, we must actively find the cause, in order to investigate the condition.
4. In addition, there are other two causes of renal atrophy: renal tuberculosis (unilateral renal narrowing, hydronephrosis or compensatory enlargement of the contralateral kidney), renal artery stenosis and congenital hypoplasia.
The above is about the introduction of related renal atrophy causes, if you have a kidney disease knowledge requires a detailed understanding, you can consult our online expert, our experts will be based on the actual condition gives the patient the most professional guidance.