What are signs of kidney problems
1. the amount of urine under normal circumstances, adults need at least 1500 - 2000 ml of urine metabolites can be excluded, urine volume too small or too much will increase the burden on the kidneys of.24 hour urine volume less than 400 ml for oliguria, 24 hours for no less than 100 ml urine. Urine volume of 2500 ml for excess urine can be caused by excessive drinking or disease.
Daily protein excretion in the urine volume of 2. normal human urine protein does not exceed 100mg, if higher than 150mg, it is called proteinuria, many kidney diseases have proteinuria, how much proteinuria is often monitoring disease progress indicators.
3. normal people hematuria in each high power field of red blood cell number of not more than 3, if more than just microscopic hematuria. In some cases, visible red urine, called gross hematuria.
4. tube type tube type is formed by the protein solidified in the renal tubules, the formation properties, and urinary protein concentration, pH, urine volume and so on. The tube type does not necessarily represent the glomerular lesions, especially small particles and transparent tube type in fever and after exercise.
The 5. is one of the common symptoms of hypertension, to renal insufficiency was found, also can produce acute symptoms, including headache, blurred vision, convulsions, heart failure and so on.
6. other changes include such as skin pale, suggestive of anemia, often associated with kidney disease; peeling prompt itching; infection (abscess or phlegmon) from glomerulonephritis. Skin lesions appeared vasculitis or endocarditis, that may be the cause of kidney disease. Kidney disease will appear high blood cholesterol.