Diet as one of the basic treatment of chronic kidney disease, plays a key role in the occurrence and development of nephropathy. Through reasonable diet, not only can achieve nutritional balance, but also slow down the development of kidney disease. So, how does kidney disease patient eat scientifically?
Kidney patients diet principle should adhere to low salt, low fat, reasonable protein diet, also should avoid fishy, avoid spicy, avoid greasy, as follows:
Limit salt intake
No edema and condition stable patients salt intake is less than 4g; edema and hypertension in the daily diet salt intake of no more than 2 ~ 3g; the height of patients with edema, salt content generally should be below 0.5g every day, the best should avoid salt.
Reasonable protein intake
Advanced kidney disease, such as azotemia and uremia period, should adopt the low protein diet, high quality protein, such as milk, eggs, lean meat, fish, etc., can reduce ammonia production, reduce the burden on the kidneys.
Prudent water intake
Kidney disease patients often due to excessive body water can not be properly discharged and the performance of the edema, at this time should strictly control the water intake, daily water intake should be based on the amount of urine a day before to set, generally not more than 1000ml, should pay attention to the food itself contains more moisture, such as soup noodles, ravioli in foods such as chaos. No obvious edema can be normal drinking water, no need to increase the amount of water.
Choose fat intake
Not only should control animal offal, fat meat, seafood, animal oil and other foods rich in cholesterol and fat intake, but also avoid eating rich in trans fatty acids processed foods.