I believe we are not unfamiliar with hypertensive nephropathy, popular speaking of kidney damage caused by hypertension in a timely manner. The essence of hypertensive nephropathy is essential hypertension caused by benign arteriolar sclerosis and malignant arteriolar sclerosis, accompanied by the corresponding clinical manifestations of the disease. The kidney itself is used to filter the body of toxins, through the urine to discharge excess water and sodium salt, while preventing protein, blood cells and other leakage of blood vessels, high blood pressure makes the blood pressure within the blood vessels, resulting in leakage of protein into the urine, the protein once leaked, it can damage the filter system of the kidney. High blood pressure control is poor, it will cause structural damage is difficult to reverse, it will gradually appear renal damage, and even chronic renal failure, the last serious stage of uremia.
I believe that many friends have their own habit of measuring blood pressure at home, then their own blood pressure at home what needs to pay attention to it? Today, our experts for everyone to explain, to help you measure a more accurate blood pressure, rather than every day looking at the inaccurate data, delay the discovery of the disease. Note: It is recommended that the upper arm type automatic or semi-automatic electronic sphygmomanometer is a good choice; Note 2: family blood pressure is generally lower than the blood pressure threshold, the diagnostic criteria for hypertension and sup3 ; 135 / 85mmHg, and the hospital blood pressure 140 / 90mmHg corresponding; Note three: measurement program: there is no consistent program. General advice, it is recommended that blood pressure should be measured every morning and evening, 2-3 times each time, and the average blood pressure should be controlled smoothly. Blood pressure can be measured 1 days a week. For newly diagnosed hypertensive or unstable blood pressure in patients with hypertension, it is recommended continuous family to measure blood pressure for 7 days (at least 3 days), once a day, every time 2-3 times, 6 days after taking the average blood pressure as a reference value; Note four: family blood pressure suitable for blood pressure monitoring in general hypertensive patients; identification of white coat hypertension; identification of refractory hypertension; evaluation of long term blood pressure variability; evaluation of adjuvant antihypertensive efficacy; prediction of cardiovascular risk and prognosis; Note 5: it is best to record in detail the date, time, and all blood pressure readings of each measurement of blood pressure, rather than just recording the average. Should pay the doctor as much as possible to provide a complete blood pressure record; Note 6: home blood pressure monitoring is to observe a few days, weeks or even months, years of long-term variation of the viable way, the future through the wireless communication and Internet-based remote control system can achieve real-time blood pressure, digital monitoring; Note 7: for patients with high mental anxiety, it is not recommended to self-test blood pressure.
What is hypertensive nephropathy?