Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most serious and most dangerous chronic complications caused by diabetes. It is one of the manifestations of systemic microvascular disease of diabetes. The clinical features are mainly proteinuria, progressive renal dysfunction, hypertension, edema and severe late of renal failure, is also one of the main causes of death in diabetic patients.
Generalized diabetic nephropathy includes infectious lesions and vascular lesions. Infectious lesions are mainly pyelonephritis and renal papillary necrosis. Vascular lesions are pided into microvascular and macrovascular disease, macrovascular disease, including renal arteriosclerosis (involving the trunk and branch) and renal arteriosclerosis (involving the ball and the ball out of the small artery). Microvascular lesions are three types of glomerular sclerosis, nodular, exudative and diffuse, and the three can be combined independently, the above changes, the most typical nodular glomerulosclerosis. We usually say that diabetic nephropathy is glomerular sclerosis. So how does diabetic nephropathy occur?
Diabetic nephropathy is caused by different etiology and pathogenesis of insulin in the absolute and relatively insufficient to cause glycoprotein and fat metabolism disorders, and chronic hyperglycemia as the main clinical manifestations of systemic disease. Diabetes can damage the kidneys in different ways. These damage can involve all the structure of the kidney, but only glomerulosclerosis is directly related to diabetes, also known as diabetic nephropathy, is one of the diabetic systemic microvascular complications. Diabetic patients in the event of renal damage occurs persistent proteinuria is irreversible often develop to end-stage renal failure. Diabetic nephropathy has become one of the major causes of death in diabetic patients.
The best way to prevent diabetic nephropathy is to live regularly, exercise properly, avoid overeating, and try not to use drugs that are harmful to the kidneys. Only our daily lifestyle science, diabetic nephropathy will not invade our body. Through experts explain the occurrence of diabetic nephropathy, I believe that you do not let diabetes nephropathy also have their own views, away from diabetic nephropathy, we must pay attention to.
How does diabetic nephropathy occur?