Dialysis treatment and renal transplant: once have renal failure, dialysis treatment and renal transplant is the only effective method. Renal transplant is the best method to treat uremic diabetics, better than dialysis treatment.
Basic treatment: in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy should be limited the intake of protein, suitably as everyday 0.8g\kg body weight, and choose fine protein to relieve kidney burden. For the patients with a lot of urine protein、edema and renal insufficiency, should limit the protein in 0.6g\kg body weight.
Control glucose strictly: it is one of measures to treat diabetic nephropathy, before having clinical diabetic nephropathy, using insulin pump or multiple subcutaneous insulin injection to control diabetes strictly, could delay even though prevent the occurrence of diabetic nephropathy, decrease increasing glomerular filtration rate and improve microalbuminuria.
Control high blood pressure: diabetic nephropathy always exists with high blood pressure. Control and treat high blood pressure is important to prevent diabetes microvascular and large vascular lesions.
Limit the intake of protein: properly decrease the number of protein in the food can decrease glomerulus internal pressure, relieve high filtration and proteinuria. Have been having renal insufficiency should be limited the intake of protein, and take the protein with high essential amino-acid.
The patients should pay attention to rest, avoid too tired, and keep warm, prevent cold、infection. And control the intake of salt to relieve kidney burden.
The patients should keep optimistic feeling in the process of treatment, avoid affecting treatment effect due to bad mood, at normal times take more exercise, enhance resistance, cooperate doctor’s guidance actively, get rid of kidney disease trouble as soon as possible.
Fine lower protein diet is one of the methods to treat diabetic nephropathy, in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy should offer fine lower protein diet, with edema and high blood pressure should limit sodium, offer lower salt diet.