Diabetes is one of the most closely related chronic diseases, and promoting a healthy diet and lifestyle plays an important role in preventing and controlling diabetes.
Common complications of diabetes include stroke, myocardial infarction, retinopathy, diabetic foot, diabetic renal failure, etc. In the European and American countries, diabetic retinopathy and diabetic nephropathy is the first blind respectively and the cause of end-stage renal disease, science as early as possible to carry out comprehensive treatment, standardized management and complications of the monitoring and early intervention, to reduce and control the complications of diabetes, and delay makes most diabetics can enjoy a normal life.
So how do diabetics prevent kidney damage?
The first is that changing environmental factors and lifestyle factors for the overall population will lead to the lowest possible risk factors for various factors of diabetes. The main measures are: to reduce calorie intake, "three low" high dietary habit, namely, low salt, low sugar, low fat, high in fiber, eat fresh vegetable and fruit more, eat more whole grains, rice flour don't eat too fine, to doing moderate physical exercise a day.
Second kidney damage has yet to happen for the diabetic population of nonselective prevention, including the control of blood sugar, maintain normal blood pressure as far as possible, avoid drug use may damage the kidneys, such as antipyretic analgesic drugs, antibiotics, contrast, and the so-called "diabetes" ancestral secret recipe, etc. Regularly check for kidney damage.
For there has been a diabetic nephropathy patients should be as soon as possible to the renal diseases, the treatment of diabetic nephropathy is way more comprehensive treatment, intensive treatment including blood sugar, blood pressure, blood lipid regulation and prevention of cardiovascular disease, etc. The most effective treatment currently is to control kidney disease in time, repair damaged kidney function and prevent the process of kidney fibrosis.
In the early stages of diabetic nephropathy, protein intake should be limited to 0.5 g/(kg d) -0.8 g/(kg d) standard weight. To have a lot of proteinuria, edema, and patients with renal insufficiency, should be taken to limit the principle of quality, it is advisable to 0.6 g/kg body weight per day, raise the proportion of high quality protein in bounds.
Avoid two myths:
Are that mainly vegetarian or don't eat meat, dairy products, eggs is a low protein diet, actually vegetarian plant protein contains essential amino acids is less, can't meet the needs of the body, may cause long-term consumption of protein malnutrition, is not conducive to the recovery of renal function.
The second is that they do not think they should eat soy products. Modern medical research suggests that soy protein is vegetable protein, but also is a kind of high quality protein, compared with grains and vegetables, it contains essential amino acids are still more, moreover can also provide healthy material such as calcium, vitamin, isoflavones. Patients with kidney disease can choose according to the right amount of disease, no need to regard soy products as the enemy. Only when bean products are chosen should be exchanged with meat and egg products to prevent the total amount of white matter.
In a low-protein diet, you must ensure that the calories are adequate to maintain normal physiological needs. Consume 30 to 35 kcal/kg of heat per day. Can choose a few high quantity of heat and low protein content of staple foods, such as potato, lotus root starch, fans, taro, sweet potatoes, yams, pumpkin, water chestnut powder, water chestnut powder, etc.; High starchy foods such as wheat starch and potato starch are also available.
The development of diabetic nephropathy to a certain stage is often associated with high blood pressure, swelling or a decrease in urine volume, while limiting salt can effectively prevent the progression of complications. But if accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, the sodium salt should not be over-restricted and even added. Also master the liquid in and out of balance is very important also, general daily into the fluid volume for 500 ml urine output and the day before, but when patients with fever, vomiting, diarrhea, should add more liquid.