Diabetes has become the biggest threat to human health, with more and more elderly people suffering from diabetes. A number of people with diabetes have had complications. Diabetic nephropathy is a kind of more typical, this kind of disease is in the clinical course is pided into five stages, each stage has its unique characteristic. We will give you a detailed introduction and hope to help you.
The earliest period was only the volume of the kidney increased, and the glomerular filtration increased.
The glomerular capillaries thicken. In this period, there is a continuous microalbuminuria, and when the patient is resting, the albumin excretion rate is normal and the stress is increased.
The presence of persistent microalbuminuria, which begins to rise with blood pressure, is clinically called early diabetic nephropathy;
The number of urine proteins increases, with varying degrees of hypertension, diabetic retinopathy, and peripheral neuropathy.
5, since appeared a lot of proteinuria, renal function in patients with accelerated deterioration until kidney failure, glomerular filtration function was seriously damaged to uremia level, this stage become end-stage diabetic nephropathy.
As we can see, diabetic nephropathy is a gradual and very long process. The pathological changes of the first ~ 3 period were early lesions, but the clinical diagnosis of the first ~ 2 was difficult. If you have a history of diabetes for about 10 years, you will be able to diagnose early diabetic nephropathy with a persistent urine trace of white protein. For patients with diabetes early detection of the phase of disease is very important, because in the past 20 years a large number of clinical studies have confirmed the early pathological changes such as timely treatment may be completely reversed.
In short, the development of diabetic nephropathy is very slow. As soon as the patient discovers early treatment, and can control the disease. In daily life, patients not only to maintain a positive and optimistic mentality, to develop good eating habits, exercise, regular monitoring of their blood sugar.