Glomerular filtration rate, GFR
Diabetic nephropathy in the early stage of clinical stage, the patient is in a slow inflammatory reaction period, the body will not have obvious symptoms, it is difficult to diagnose by external features. In the first stage of diabetic nephropathy, the glomerular filtration rate increased and the volume of kidney increased. Since the first phase of diabetic nephropathy is generally reversible, so after treatment, the disease will generally be controlled.
For diabetic nephropathy stage performance, szyy remind patients must be treated in a regular hospital, diet conditioning and physical exercise pay attention to life, for the condition to be reversed, restoring the body's normal.
Stage of normal albuminuria
Compared with phase I, diabetic nephropathy in patients with phase II in the clinical also no obvious signs, but there are cases of kidney damage, such as changes in the structure of the glomerulus. At this time, the patient's glomerular basement membrane thickening, mesangial proliferation. In addition, glomerular filtration rate is still high, and intermittent proteinuria, a small number of patients with high blood pressure. Due to diabetic nephropathy in phase II is reversible, so the diabetes patients should be regularly checked, nip in the bud.
For patients with diabetic nephropathy phase II, should be under the guidance of doctors to maintain basic treatment, such as lipid-lowering, antihypertensive, hypoglycemic therapy. In addition, the patient should also pay attention to diet and exercise, can be taken under the guidance of the doctor for the prevention of drug consumption of yellow Shu sunflower.
Stage of early diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic nephropathy in the third stage, the patient will continue to have symptoms of urinary albumin, urine routine examination of urine protein negative, normal renal function. Mild blood pressure can occur later.
For diabetic nephropathy phase III, if the positive treatment, the condition can be reversed, but if the disease continues to develop, it is easy to enter the stage of diabetic nephropathy. The results showed that the treatment of diabetic nephropathy in the third stage of the treatment of diabetic nephropathy can effectively reduce the urinary albumin excretion rate.
Clinical stage of diabetic nephropathy (DN)
Enter the fourth stage of diabetic nephropathy, the patient's illness will become obvious, such as urination, urine will detect a large number of albuminuria, blood pressure rising, edema, which usually occurs in patients with edema of the face, abdomen and chest, ankle and other parts.
Enter the stage IV stage, although patients with renal fibrosis has entered the organic damage, but if you can correct use of drugs to control the disease, such as pharmaceutical Jiangsu Su in huangshukuihua preparation with the sartan (or Plymouth) western medicine can significantly delay the disease development. So, enter the stage IV stage diabetic nephropathy patients should not be negative, unchecked, or wait until renal failure, do kidney dialysis or renal transplantation, it will bring heavy burden to inpiduals and families of patients!
V stage: the stage of renal failure
Diabetic nephropathy stage is the stage of renal failure patients, the blood pressure in patients with severely elevated glomerular filtration rate can be reduced to 10 ml / min, and hypoalbuminemia, edema aggravated. In addition, the patient will have a stomach upset, such as anorexia, nausea and vomiting, halitosis, and diabetic nephropathy stage can cause anemia, hemorrhage, insomnia, fatigue, retinopathy, neuropathy and even uremic cardiomyopathy! These serious complications will eventually become a major cause of death in patients with diabetic nephropathy!
Phase V of diabetic nephropathy treatment is difficult, but because from the beginning to enter the stage of diabetic nephropathy, kidney failure to completely stop, which takes 10 years time, so long as the active treatment and nursing, but also can increase the survival time.
From the above we can see that the diabetic nephropathy with longer course of disease, and early concealment, late severe symptoms, easy to repeated attacks, so diabetics should fully understand the 5 major symptoms of diabetic nephropathy stage, timely prevention, to avoid entanglement with the disease, improve the quality of life!