Diet on patients with IgA nephropathy, its importance is not less than the treatment strategy, so patients with IgA nephropathy should have a diet plan, the diet of patients with IgA nephropathy in different stages is different, each stage also have different diet plan.
IgA nephropathy diet plan class I
Mild damage, no obvious symptoms, usually occurs in patients with low back pain, mild edema and simple hematuria or mild proteinuria. Appropriate amount of iron, zinc, copper, manganese and other trace elements, such as: milk, carrots and so on, to promote metabolism, and expand the body immunity. Suitable for eating light, digestible fresh vegetables and appropriate amount of fruit, such as: cucumber, tomatoes, lilies, wax gourd, watermelon, Bayberry and so on, and proper drinking water; low sodium diet: daily intake of salt, generally 2 - 3 grams is appropriate. Do not eat salty foods, such as pickles, salted fish, bacon, salted and pickled foods.
IgA nephropathy diet plan class II
Minimal lesion with small stage hyperplasia. This stage for asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (remain), red blood cells in urine by abnormal red blood cells (over 80%), mainly associated with mild proteinuria (<1g/24h). According to the microscopic hematuria, the patient should eat apples, black sesame seeds, fungus and other food Yin fire. Taking the formulation of food, such as towel gourd, Mao Genzhu cane water, Mao Genzhou, porridge, bean porridge cure pickpurse cure hematuria, protein diet.
IgA nephropathy diet plan class III
Focal segmental glomerulonephritis. Early hypertension in IgA nephropathy is not common (lower than 5% - 10%). With the extension of the disease duration, the incidence of hypertension increases to the third grade, and this symptom is more common. Some anti hypertensive foods may be added, such as fresh, dark green vegetables, kelp, fungus, oats and so on. Far, three white (white sugar, white salt, animal fat) nearly three black (black rice, black fungus, laver), and often drink green tea, yogurt and so on. Control energy intake, advocate eating complex carbohydrates, such as starch, corn and so on, to prevent increased blood lipids.
IgA nephropathy diet plan class IV
Diffuse mesangial proliferation and damage with multiple sclerosis, proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and microscopic hematuria lgA nephropathy accounted for about 7% ~ 16%, often have severe back pain. Renal biopsy can show acute tubular necrosis, extensive red cell casts, and a small number of small bodies. Low protein diet. Eat egg, milk, lean meat and other animal protein rich in essential amino acids, but specific to discretionary intake (normal renal function but proteinuria more daily intake remained at 1 ~ 1.5g/kg*d, severe renal damage should be restricted protein in 0.6 ~ 0.8g/kg*d).
IgA nephropathy diet plan class V
This stage is to reduce the burden on the kidneys, the daily supply of protein is about 20 grams or more appropriate, in general, the choice of eggs, milk, fish and other good, followed by oral or intravenous injection of essential amino acids. The amount of urine too much to use potassium containing foods such as mushrooms, mung bean, peanut etc.. If the urine volume of 1000 ml, can choose the lotus root starch, pumpkin, shrimp and other low potassium foods. Patients with non-diabetic IgA nephropathy may be able to reduce the burden of the kidneys by supplying them with glucose and carbon dioxide, which are excreted from the lungs and the skin, and without the kidneys.
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