Nephrotic syndrome symptoms
1.A large number of proteinuria
Glomerular filtration rate decline ,urine protein reduce ;serious hypoproteinemia ,the increase of urine protein ,high protein diet will increase urinary protein excretion .
Kidney disease is a complex disease ,so patients should pay more attention to and cannot ignore the nursing management .
1.Limit liquid quantity
For patients with chronic nephritis ,when there is high blood pressure and edema should limit the intake of liquid .The daily intake should be controlled within 1200-1500,including 800ml water content of drinks and food ,If the edema is serious should strictly control the water .
2.Avoid eating strong condiment
The strong condiment refers to pepper ,mustard ,which is bad for the renal function ,so should avoid eating them .Due to eating more aginomoto will be thirsty ,so limit the water should also eat more aginomoto .
3.Limit high purine foods
In order to reduce the burden of the kidney ,patients should limit the foods which can stimulate the kidney ,such as spinach ,celery ,carrot ,beans ,bean products ,sardine and chicken soup ,fish soup and broth soup .Because these foods contain more purine and nitrogen ,so when the renal function is bad ,the metabolism cannot discharge immediately ,which is bad for renal function .
If patients eat more salt ,and the micturition function damaged again will aggravate the edema ,blood volume increase ,cause heart failure ,so should limit the salt and have a low salt diet .
The most obvious symptoms is the patient with generalized edema ,at first the edema will appear in eyelid ,face and ankle ,with the development of edema will affect the body and occur ascites ,pleural effusion ,pericardial effusion ,mediastinal effusion or labia edema of the scrotum ,also can appear pulmonary edema .
Hypoproteinemia refers to with less than 30 grams per liter of patients’serum albumin ,the role of compensation when patient’s liver albumin is not enough to make up for the loss of urine protein quantity ,hypoalbuminemia
Patients with hyperlipidemia and urine ,hypoalbuminemia related lipid ,fat body fluid birefringent and probably epithelial cells or fat body of cholesterol .
Once appeared these symptoms ,except go the hospital ,patients should also know about some methods of prognosis .Patients with nephrotic syndrome should try best not go to the public ,at the same time should keep the skin clean ,prevent skin damage and prevent infection .